Comment ajouter mes sources ? ), Étude sur la vie et la mort de Guillaume Longue Épée, Paris, Picard, 1893, p. 61-68 It is also sometimes suggested that Rollo may be a Latinised version of another Norse name, Hrollaugr. Rollon [1] (mort entre 928 et 933) est le chef viking à l'origine du duché de Normandie.En 911, en contrepartie de l'arrêt de ses pillages, il reçoit du roi Charles le Simple un territoire autour de Rouen.Environ cent ans plus tard, cette concession deviendra le duché de Normandie. [47] Rollo's dynasty was able to survive through a combination of ruthless military actions and infighting among the Frankish aristocracy, which left them severely weakened and unable to combat the Rouen Vikings' growing determination to stay put.[47]. A genetic investigation into the remains of Rollo's grandson Richard the Fearless, and his great-grandson Richard the Good, was announced in 2011 with the intention of discerning the origins of the historic Viking leader. Exclusif. He emerged as the outstanding warrior among the Norsemen who had secured a permanent foothold on Frankish soil in the valley of the lower Seine. En 911, en contrepartie de l'arrêt de ses pillages, il reçoit du roi Charles le Simple un territoire autour de Rouen.Environ cent ans plus tard, cette concession deviendra le duché de Normandie. Rollo, latinisation du nom Hrólfr, est un chef scandinave, danois ou norvégien, qui a pris part aux raids menés par les siens en Angleterre et dans le royaume franc depuis les années 841. Le chef viking récupère alors l’équivalent aujourd’hui de la Seine-Maritime et d’une partie de l’Eure. Rollon, banni du royaume de Norvège en 874, prend la tête d'une bande de pillards vikings, mettant à sac les côtes de la Mer du Nord et de la Manche, aussi bien en Angleterre que sur le continent. │ ├─> Guillaume I er de Normandie (?-942), jarl de Normandie de 927 à 942 │ x 935/940 Liutgarde de Vermandois (925-977) │ │ │ x … Rollo refused, saying "I will never bow my knees at the knees of any man, and no man's foot will I kiss. Cet article présente la descendance de Rollon de Normandie. Rollon [1] (mort entre 928 et 933) est le chef viking à l'origine du duché de Normandie. Gisant de Rollon. In part, this disparity may result from the indifferent and interchangeable usage in Europe, at the time, of terms such as "Vikings", "Northmen", "Swedes", "Danes", "Norwegians" and so on (in the Medieval Latin texts Dani vel Nortmanni means 'Danes or Northmen'). Rollo (Norman: Rou; Old Norse: Hrólfr; French: Rollon; c. 860 – c. 930 AD) was a Viking who became the first ruler of Normandy, a region in northern France.He emerged as the outstanding warrior among the Norsemen who had secured a permanent foothold on Frankish soil in the valley of the lower Seine. A character, broadly inspired by the historical Rollo but including many events from before the real Rollo was born, played by Clive Standen, is Ragnar Lothbrok's brother in the History Channel television series Vikings. [10][11], Rollo was born in the mid-9th century; his place of birth is almost definitely located in the region of Scandinavia, although it is uncertain whether he is Danish or Norwegian. "[31] Dudo retrospectively stated that this pact took place in 911 at Saint-Clair-sur-Epte. En l’an 911, le roi des Francs Charles le Simple concède à Rollon un territoire de part et d’autre de la Seine. The seal of agreement was to be marriage between Rollo and Gisla, daughter of Charles. nb : je parle au conditionnel, car vu que c'était il y a 1000 ans, il y a quand même des possibilités d'erreur -même si les sources semblent fiables. However, these claims were made three centuries after the history commissioned by Rollo's own grandson. Les descendants de Rollon sont appelés les Rollonides. Descendance de Rollon. Généalogie Rollon de Normandie (?-928/933), jarl de Normandie x Poppa de Bayeux (?-?) C’est finalement Guillaume le Conquérant, l’arrière-arrière-arrière petit-fils de Rollon, qui achève vers 1050 la conquête de ce que nous appelons aujourd’hui la Normandie. [8], The 10th-century French historian Dudo records that Rollo took the baptismal name Robert. The attendant bishops urged Rollo to kiss the king's foot to prove his allegiance. Following the death of their father, Gurim was killed and Rollo was forced to leave Denmark. Rollon livre de nombreuses batailles, dont le siège de Paris et de Chartres. The earliest well-attested historical event associated with Rollo is his part in leading the Vikings who besieged Paris in 885–886 but were fended off by Odo of France.[12][13][14]. Today, historians still disagree on this question, but most would now agree that a certain conclusion can never be reached. 1400)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Old Norse-language text, Articles containing Northern Sami-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles containing Icelandic-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 18:18. [23][24] Ketill Flatnose's ancestors were said to have come from Møre – Rollo's ancestral home in the Icelandic sources. [37] It is still unclear as to whether Rollo was being given lordship over the Vikings already settled in the region in order to domesticate and restrain them, or the Franks around Bayeux in order to protect them from other Viking leaders settled in eastern Brittany and the Cotentin peninsula. Boujou. According to William of Jumièges, writing in the latter half of the 11th century, Gerloc's mother was named Poppa.[42][43]. One of Rollo's great-grandsons and a contemporary of Dudo was known as Robert the Dane. [16], A Norwegian background for Rollo was first explicitly claimed by Goffredo Malaterra (Geoffrey Malaterra), an 11th-century Benedictine monk and historian, who wrote: "Rollo sailed boldly from Norway with his fleet to the Christian coast. Rollo took the baptismal name Robert, as it was custom to take the name of ones godfather. [27][28], Dudo recorded that when Rollo controlled Bayeux by force, he carried off with him the beautiful Popa or Poppa, a daughter of Berenger, Count of Rennes. William Longsword, 2nd Duke of Normandy (893-942) 3. After the Norman conquest of England and their conquest of southern Italy and Sicily over the following two centuries, their descendants came to rule Norman England (the House of Normandy), much of the island of Ireland, the Kingdom of Sicily (the Kings of Sicily) as well as the Principality of Antioch from the 10th to 12th century, leaving behind an enduring legacy in the histories of Europe and the Near East. Ce dernier, Rollon, n'était pas à ce moment le jarl de la future Normandie.C'était encore un chef viking qui parcourait les mers à la recherche de quelque terre à piller. Le fils de Rollon, Guillaume Longue Épée a épousé Spotta de Senlis qui est également une descendante de Charlemagne. [citation needed] Benoît says elsewhere in the Chronique that Rollo is Danish.[19]. The question of Rollo's Danish or Norwegian origins was a matter of heated dispute between Norwegian and Danish historians of the 19th and early 20th century, particularly in the run-up to Normandy's 1000-year-anniversary in 1911. [37] This would appear to be the motive for later concessions to the Vikings of the Seine, which are mentioned in other records of the time. There may be circumstantial evidence for kinship between Rollo and his historical contemporary Ketill Flatnose, King of the Isles – a Norse realm centred on the Western Isles of Scotland. Medieval sources contradict each other regarding whether Rollo's family was Norwegian or Danish in origin. De Rollon sont issues la majeure partie des familles royales européennes. De fait, les autres textes évoquant ce même Öxna-Þórir ne mentionnent pas de Göngu-Hrólfr parmi sa descendance . However, Dudo's Historia Normannorum (or Libri III de moribus et actis primorum Normanniae ducum) was commissioned by Rollo's grandson, Richard I of Normandy and – while Dudo likely had access to family members and/or other people with a living memory of Rollo – this fact must be weighed against the text's potential biases, as an official biography. When Charles III abdicated the throne to Rudolph of France, Rollo felt that his pledge and oaths to the kings of France null and void, and began raiding in the west to expand his territory, putting pressure on other rulers to propose another compromise. [29], There are few contemporary mentions of Rollo. Rollo of Normandy (860-932) 2. [7], The name Rollo is generally presumed to be a latinisation of the Old Norse name Hrólfr – a theory that is supported by the rendition of Hrólfr as Roluo in the Gesta Danorum. [39], Rollo's son and heir, William Longsword, and grandchild, Richard the Fearless, forged the Duchy of Normandy into West Francia's most cohesive and formidable principality. However, Ketill was a common name in Norse societies,[25] as were names like Gurim and Grim. Linear motion systems leaders, since 1975. Ceci étant bien sûr pour convertir des heures de recopiage en apprentissage de ma filiation. Le successeur de Rollon. [38], Rollo died sometime between a final mention of him by Flodoard in 928, and 933, the year in which a third grant of land, usually identified as being the Cotentin and Avranchin areas, was given to his son and successor William. Hrólf the Walker was so named because he "was so big that no horse could carry him". Descendance de Rollon. par LORD le Lun 11 Aoû - 10:30. En l’an 911, le roi des Francs Charles le Simple concède à Rollon un territoire de part et d'autre de la Seine. comtesse de Montbéliard,de Bar, de Mousson et de Ferrette, comte de Montbéliard,de Bar, de Mousson et de Ferrette, comtesse de Blois, de Châteaudun, de Chartres, de Reims, de Tours, de Beauvais, de Provins et de Sancerre, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Descendance_de_Rollon&oldid=171638002, Article manquant de références depuis octobre 2014, Article manquant de références/Liste complète, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. │ ├─> Guillaume I er de Normandie (?-942), jarl de Normandie de 927 à 942 │ x 935/940 Liutgarde de Vermandois (925-977) │ │ │ x … ----- Rollon, jarl des Normands : Considéré par les historiens comme le 1er duc de Normandie et le fondateur du duché normand, il ne porte pourtant pas le titre de " duc de Normandie " mais seulement celui de " jarl des Normands ", l'équivalent scandinave de comte, et le titre de comte de Rouen. [40] The descendants of Rollo and his men assimilated with their maternal French-Catholic culture and became known as the Normans, lending their name to the region of Normandy.[41]. Ce chef viking, qui a parcouru les mers et a pillé le royaume, devient le premier maître de la Normandie. Il établit son camp à l'embouchure de la Seine en 896, remonte plusieurs fois le fleuve avec ses navires, prend Rouen et menace Paris qu'il vient assiéger vainement en 910. [36], Given Rouen and its hinterland in return for the alliance with the Franks, it was agreed upon that it was in the interest of both Rollo himself and his Frankish allies to extend his authority over Viking settlers. [20] The Icelandic sources claim that Hrólfr was born in Trondhjem (now known as Trondheim)[21] in western Norway, in the late 9th century and that his parents were the Norwegian jarl Rognvald Eysteinsson ('Rognvald the Wise') and a noblewoman from Møre named Hildr Hrólfsdóttir. La Normandie doit son origine et son nom aux Vikings. [6] The offspring of Rollo and his followers through their intermingling with the indigenous Frankish and Gallo-Roman population of the lands they settled became known as the "Normans". Quoiqu’il en soit, la tradition païenne scandinave se … Un site et des férus de généalogie (Généastar) au demeurant très sérieux ont constitué une liste de descendants de Rollon et des Ducs de Normandie. Descendants of Viking Ruler Rollo Rognvaldsson Generation 1 1. [18], A chronicler named Benoît (probably Benoît de Sainte-More) wrote in the mid-12th-century Chronique des ducs de Normandie that Rollo had been born in a town named "Fasge". This has since been variously interpreted as referring to Faxe, in Sjælland (Denmark), Fauske, in Sykkulven (Norway), or perhaps a more obscure settlement that has since been abandoned or renamed. L’amusement , c’est de faire un arbre de descendance jusqu’à vous avec l’illustre personnage de votre choix ( roi Anglo-Saxon, roi de Pologne, de France, d’Italie , de Germanie Rollon chef viking etc .. Normanring :: Divers. ", "Skeletal shock for Norwegian researchers at Viking hunting", "Reflections of a Viking by Clive Standen", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rollo&oldid=995942169, Converts to Christianity from pagan religions, Articles lacking reliable references from March 2020, Articles containing Old French (842-ca. In 911, Robert I of France, brother of Odo, again defeated another band of Viking warriors in Chartres with his well-trained horsemen. Rollon [1] (mort vers 932) est le chef viking à l'origine du duché de Normandie.En septembre 911, en contrepartie de l'arrêt de ses pillages, il reçoit du roi Charles le Simple un territoire autour de Rouen.Environ cent ans plus tard, cette concession deviendra le duché de Normandie. Richard II, Duke of Normandy (963-1027) 5. On taking his oath of fealty, Rollo divided the lands between the rivers Epte and Risle among his chieftains, and settled in the de facto capital Rouen. Four or more generations of descendants of Rollo of Normandy (860-932) if they are properly linked: 1. Rollo is the subject of the 17th-century play Rollo Duke of Normandy, written by John Fletcher, Philip Massinger, Ben Jonson, and George Chapman. Other historians have identified Rollo with Hrólf the Walker (Norse Göngu-Hrólfr; Danish Ganger-Hrólf) from the 13th-century Icelandic sagas, Heimskringla and Orkneyinga Saga. This victory paved the way for Rollo's baptism and settlement in Normandy. Descendance de Rollon; Sources [modifier | modifier le code] Complainte de Guillaume Longue Épée, J. Lair (éd. Rollon, (Robert) se sépara de sa femme Poppa pour épouser Giselle, la fille de Charles III "le simple" Roi de France, après la signature du traité de St Clair sur Epte qui enterrine la propriété de la Normandie à Rollon. Rollon et la naissance de la Normandie La Normandie doit son origine et son nom aux Vikings. Doué d’un vrai sens politique, le premier duc de … Page 1 sur 1. [33] It has therefore been speculated that she could have been an illegitimate daughter.

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