L'Irlande gaélique (en irlandais : Éire Ghaelach) était l'ordre politique et social gaélique et la culture associée, qui existait en Irlande depuis l'époque préhistorique jusqu'au début du XVII e siècle [1]. Ulster Irish thus has more in common with Scottish Gaelic and Manx.Within Ulster there have historically been two main sub-dialects: West Ulster and East Ulster. [32][33][34] These counties, though not officially designated as subject to Plantation, had suffered violent depopulation during the previous wars and proved attractive to Private Colonialists from nearby Britain. The 1859 Ulster Revival was a major Christian revival that spread throughout Ulster. Census of Ireland 2016: 296,120 out of 1,521,592 total. In horse racing, specifically National Hunt, Ulster has produced the most dominant jockey of all time, Tony McCoy. [8] Using the genitive form Éireann as an adjective, the UK media would refer to "Eireann Ministers"[9] and the "Eireann Army". Ireland, also known as the Republic of Ireland is a European country on the island of Ireland. Electorally, voting in the six Northern Ireland counties of Ulster tends to follow religious or sectarian lines; noticeable religious demarcation does not exist in the South Ulster counties of Cavan and Monaghan in the Republic of Ireland. 's to the Dáil (one of whom is a Protestant). Ulster (irsky Uladh) je historická provincie (irské království) na severovýchodě Irska.Větší část Ulsteru je jako takzvané Severní Irsko součástí Spojeného království, menší část náleží k Irské republice.Toto rozdělení Ulsteru pochází z roku 1920 a od roku 1922 je mezinárodní hranicí. 22 issue 1, p. 110; second-largest city on the island of Ireland, local government in the Republic of Ireland, Causeway Coast and Glens District Council, Armagh, Banbridge and Craigavon District Council, County Donegal Railways Joint Committee (CDRJC), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Emperor Leopold I of the Holy Roman Empire, Demographics and politics of Northern Ireland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, All-Ireland Senior Club Football Championship, All-Ireland Senior Club Hurling Championship, "Table 1. English is the main language and Ulster English the main dialect. The most easterly point in Ireland is also in Ulster, in County Down, and the most westerly point in the UK is in County Fermanagh. King James I then colonised Ulster with English-speaking Protestant settlers from Great Britain, in the Plantation of Ulster. In the early 20th century, moves towards Irish self-rule were opposed by many Ulster Protestants, sparking the Home Rule Crisis. The most northerly point in Ireland, Malin Head, is in County Donegal, as are the sixth-highest (601 metres (1,972 ft)) sea cliffs in Europe, at Slieve League, and the province's largest island, Arranmore. Sanskrit pīvan, pīvarī and pīvara that could be related to Hindu goddess Parvati and Persian parvar(پروار) meaning "fat, full, abounding"). [citation needed]. This article is about the nine-county province of Ireland. All land owned by Irish chieftains, the Ó Neills and Ó Donnells (along with those of their supporters), who fought against the English Crown in the Nine Years War, were confiscated and used to settle the colonists. [7] However, the term "Eirish" was also used by some writers in the US, who referred to "the Eirish people". It is of note that both the Williamite and Jacobite armies were religiously mixed; William of Orange's own elite forces, the Dutch Blue Guards had a papal banner with them during the invasion, many of them being Dutch Roman Catholics.[42]. A lot of IRA activity also took place at this time in County Donegal and the City of Derry, where one of the main Republican leaders was Peadar O'Donnell. [4] The Constitution's English-language preamble also describes the population as "We, the people of Éire". (2004) Protestants and the Irish Language: Historical Heritage and Current Attitudes in Northern Ireland", http://jwsr.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/jwsr/article/view/636/741, Wars and Conflicts – Plantation of Ulster – English and Scottish Planters – 1641 Rebellion, https://www.scribd.com/doc/32717516/1919-Cork-Its-Trade-and-Commerce%7C, "The Future's Bright For Donegal's Orangemen", "Ireland hockey: Seven Ulster players in squad for Olympic qualifier against Canada", Census 2011 – Ulster Irish language stats, "Inconvenient Peripheries: Ethnic Identity and the United Kingdom Estate", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ulster&oldid=990993160, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles needing additional references from October 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles needing additional references from March 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 18:10. [22] Ireland's postal code system is known as Eircode. [23] According to the Dublin Companies Registration Office in 2008, over 500 company names incorporate the word Éire in some form. and Finn Harps play against each other, the game is usually referred to as a 'North-West Derby'. Local government in Northern Ireland is today demarcated by 11 districts. 's to Dáil Éireann. Přesto většina lidí říká Severnímu Irsku Ulster. In 1938 the British government provided in the Eire (Confirmation of Agreements) Act 1938 that British legislation would henceforth refer to the Irish Free State as "Eire" (but not as "Ireland"). English is taught in all schools in the province; Irish (Gaeilge) is taught in all schools in the counties that are part of the Republic, and in schools in Northern Ireland, almost exclusively in the Roman Catholic and Irish-medium sectors. Counties). Roman Catholics (descended from the indigenous Irish) and Presbyterians (mainly descended from Scottish colonists) both suffered discrimination under the Penal Laws, which gave full political rights only to Anglican Protestants (mostly descended from English settlers). The Irish name, Cúige Uladh, means the ’province of the Ulaid’ (Ulaidh in modern Irish), with the term cúige formerly referring to a fifth. This event, and many others like it, came about with the relaxation of the Penal Laws and Roman Catholics began to be allowed to purchase land and involve themselves in the linen trade (activities which previously had involved many onerous restrictions). Upon the outbreak of World War I in 1914, 200,000 Irishmen, both Southern and Northern, of all religious sects volunteered to serve in the British Army. [14] It has also been suggested to have derived from Uladh plus the Norse suffix ster (meaning place), which was common in the Shetland Islands and Norway.[15][16]. In responses to the 2001 census in Northern Ireland 10% of the population had "some knowledge of Irish"[27] and 4.7% could "speak, read, write and understand" Irish. There was some uncertainty about whether the síneadh fada (acute accent) should be written on upper-case letters. – Motor Identification Letters", "Ceisteanna —Questions. In normal games their provinces are coloured light orange, in fantasia games, they are coloured red. Many of them settled in northern Connacht. This did not announce its findings until 1925, when the line was again drawn around six of Ulster's nine counties, with no change from the partition of 1920. Low-level violence, however, continued in Ulster, causing Michael Collins in the south to order a boycott of Northern products in protest at attacks on the Nationalist community there. The Jacobites besieged Derry from December 1688 to July 1689, ending when a Williamite army from Britain relieved the city. Belfast is also connected with Carrickfergus and Larne Harbour, Portadown, Newry and onwards, via the Enterprise service jointly operated by NIR and Iarnród Éireann, to Dublin Connolly. The Plantation of Ulster (Irish: Plandáil Uladh) was the organised colonisation (or plantation) of Ulster by people from Great Britain (especially Presbyterians from Scotland). The Socialist Republic of Eire and Ulster (Irish: Poblacht Shóisialach na hÉireann agus Uladh) also known as SR Eire and Ulster, or simply SR Ireland. Domnall Ua Lochlainn (died 1121) and Muirchertach Mac Lochlainn (died 1166) were of this dynasty. Dissatisfaction with this led to the Irish War of Independence, which formally ceased on 11 July 1921. In football, the main competitions in which they compete with the other Irish counties are the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship and National Football League, while the Ulster club champions represent the province in the All-Ireland Senior Club Football Championship. The Circuit of Ireland Rally is an annual automobile rally held in Ulster since 1931. The name "Éire" has been used on Irish postage stamps since 1922;[5] on all Irish coinage (including Irish euro coins); and together with "Ireland" on passports and other official state documents issued since 1937. [19] Words that have been used in English are Ullish and Ulsterman/Ulsterwoman. The name Ulster has several possible derivations: from the Norse name ‘Uladztir’, which is an adaptation of Ulaidh and tir, the Irish for ’land’;[13] or similarly it may be derived from Ulaidh plus the Norse genitive s followed by the Irish tir. Cricket is also played in Ulster, especially in Northern Ireland and East Donegal. Golf is, however, by far the most high-profile sport and the sport that Ulster has succeeded at more than any other. The inflow of Protestant settlers and migrants also led to bouts of sectarian violence with Catholics, notably during the 1641 rebellion and the Armagh disturbances. The war in Ulster ended with the defeat of the native army at the Battle of Scarrifholis, near Newmills on the western outskirts of Letterkenny, County Donegal, in 1650, as part of the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland conducted by Oliver Cromwell and the New Model Army, the aim of which was to expel all native Irish to the Province of Connaught.[39]. In the 1790s many Roman Catholics and Presbyterians, in opposition to Anglican domination and inspired by the American and French revolutions joined together in the United Irishmen movement. The only major Orange Order march in the Republic of Ireland takes place every July in the village of Rossnowlagh, near Ballyshannon, in the south of County Donegal. "Éire" is used on the Seal of the President of Ireland. Following the Sinn Féin victory in these elections the Irish Declaration of Independence was penned and Irish republicans launched a guerrilla campaign against British rule in what became the Irish War of Independence (January 1919 – July 1921). [40][41] However, James II was deposed in the Glorious Revolution, and the majority of Ulster Colonialists (Williamites) backed William of Orange. Its rulers resisted English encroachment but were defeated in the Nine Years' War (1594–1603). Since 1974, the traditional counties have a ceremonial role only. Ulster (/ˈʌlstər/; Irish: Ulaidh [ˈʊlˠəi] or Cúige Uladh [ˌkuːɟə ˈʊlˠə]; Ulster Scots: Ulstèr[5][6][7] or Ulster)[8][9][10] is one of the four traditional Irish provinces, in the north of Ireland. Anomalously, Derry City F.C. The origin of Ériu has been traced to the Proto-Celtic reconstruction *Φīwerjon- (nominative singular Φīwerjū < Pre-Proto-Celtic -jō). Six Ulster counties became Northern Ireland, a self-governing territory within the United Kingdom, while the rest of Ireland became the Irish Free State, now the Republic of Ireland. About 62% of the area of Ulster is in the UK while the remaining 38% is in the Republic of Ireland. Counties shaded in pink are in Northern Ireland. [12], In 1922–1938 the international plate on Irish cars was "SE". Ulster also has a significant drumlin belt. - Irish Postage Stamps", "Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla (Ó Dónaill, 1977)", The Eire Society of Boston's history page on-line, "National Roads Authority statement 2007", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Éire&oldid=994800454, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 16:29.

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