Masjid al-Qiblatayn is another mosque historically important to Muslims. "[37] (al-Bukhari, Vol. [41][42] Every visitor is gifted a free copy of the Qur'an at the end of a tour of the facility. [34] The mosque was initially just an open space for prayer with a raised and covered minbar (pulpit) built within seven months and was located beside the Prophet's rawdhah (residence, although the word literally means garden) to its side along with the houses of his wives. [63][64] The airport also received the first Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Gold certificate in the MENA region. Historically, Medina's economy was dependent on the sale of dates and other agricultural activities. Sa'ad judged by Jewish law that all male members of the tribe should be killed and the women and children enslaved as was the law stated in the Old Testament for treason in the Book of Deutoronomy. After a series of earthquakes, a stream of lava appeared, but fortunately flowed to the east of the town and then northwards. Se hai le mani impegnate, non hai rete o non sei sicuro di usare i servizi online, puoi disporre le tue operazioni anche al telefono. It focuses on real estate development and knowledge-based industries. He took the rabbis with him, and in Mecca, they reportedly recognised the Ka'bah as a temple built by Abraham and advised the king "to do what the people of Mecca did: to circumambulate the temple, to venerate and honour it, to shave his head and to behave with all humility until he had left its precincts." In the year 625 CE (3 AH), Abu Sufyan ibn Harb, a senior chieftain of Mecca who later converted to Islam, led a Meccan force against Medina. The project also aims to revive the Sunnah where Muhammed used to walk from his house (al-Masjid an-Nabawi) to Quba'a every Saturday afternoon.[66]. [73], A picture of Medina from the north of the, The Prophet's Mosque (al-Masjid an-Nabawi), Protection from plague and ad-Dajjal (the False Messiah), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Muslim sources usually referred to Himyar kings by the dynastic title of ". Solitario classico è un popolare gioco di pazienza. Muslims believe that Muhammad was commanded to change his direction of prayer (qibla) from praying toward Jerusalem to praying toward the Ka'bah at Mecca, as he was commanded in Surah Al-Baqarah, verses 143 and 144. 61 annunci di ville in vendita a Carate Brianza da 170.000 euro. [70] In 2015, the MMDA announced a three-line metro project in extension to the public transportation master plan in Medina. [Quran 33:13] and is thus known to have been the name of the city up to the Battle of the Trench. It offers majors in Sharia, Qur'an, Usul ad-Din, Hadith, and the Arabic language. Enfin, vous pouvez consulter la sélection de restaurants MICHELIN Médine et réserver votre restaurant, ou bien réserver gratuitement votre hôtel Médine. [5][6], Much like most of the Hejaz, Medina has seen numerous exchanges of power within its comparatively short existence. [12], The situation changed after the arrival of two new Arab tribes, the 'Aws or Banu 'Aws and the Khazraj, also known as the Banu Khazraj. This only helps the King Fahd Complex for the Printing of the Holy Quran. In 692 CE (73 AH), the Umayyads regained power and Medina experienced its second period of huge economic growth. 'Iraq will be conquered and some people will migrate (from Medina) and will urge their families and those who will obey them to migrate (to 'Iraq) although Medina will be better for them; if they but knew. Edmund: Historic Cities of the Islamic World, p. 385 – "Half-a-century later, in 654/1256, Medina was threatened by a volcanic eruption. Temperatures above 45 °C (113 °F) are not unusual between June and September. Per privati e imprese. réserver gratuitement votre hôtel Médine. Trade improved and more people moved into the city. It was renamed Madīnat an-Nabī (City of the Prophet or The Prophet's City) after Muhammad's death and later al-Madinah al-Munawwarah (The Enlightened City), before being simplified and shortened to its modern name, Madinah (The City), written in English as Medina. N'oubliez pas l'entretien de votre voiture ! Worldmark Encyclopedia of Religious Practices, edited by Thomas Riggs, vol. Elle a plusieurs noms en arabe : Al-Madīna (المدينة) « la ville » ; Al-Madīna al-Munawwara (المدينة المنورة), son nom officiel et qui se traduit par « la ville illuminée », Madīnatu an-Nabî (ﻣﺩﯾﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ) « la ville du prophète », ou Madīnatu Rasûl Allah (مدينة رسول الله) « la ville du messager d'Allah »). In questa villa, Botticelli dipinse "La Primavera" e "La nascita di Venere", testimonianza della sua passione per i fiori e i giardini. It is located 50 km from Prince Mohammed bin Abdulaziz International Airport, and 200 km from Yanbu Commercial Port, and has 236 factories, which produce petroleum products, building materials, food products, and many other products. This name is also used to refer to the city in the popular folk song, "Ya Taybah!" Ne ratez rien des nouveautés et des bons plans pour vos déplacements. [46], The Madinah Arts Center, founded in 2018 and operated by the MMDA's Cultural Wing, focuses on modern and contemporary arts. Zangi was succeeded by Salahuddin al-Ayyubi, founder of the Ayyubid dynasty, who supported Qasim ibn Muhanna, the Governor of Medina, and greatly funded the growth of the city while slashing taxes paid by the pilgrims. The Jewish forces eventually surrendered. [4] By the fourth century CE, Arab tribes began to encroach from Yemen, and there were three prominent Jewish tribes that inhabited the city around the time of Muhammad: the Banu Qaynuqa, the Banu Qurayza, and Banu Nadir. The banks of Wadi al-'Aqiq were now lush with greenery. Following a period of unrest during the Second Fitna in 679 CE (60 AH), Husayn ibn 'Ali was martyred at Karbala and Yazid assumed unchecked control for the next three years. The newly established bus system includes 10 lines connecting different regions of the city to Masjid an-Nabawi and the downtown area, and serves around 20,000 passengers on a daily basis. Medina is home to three prominent mosques, namely al-Masjid an-Nabawi, Masjid Quba'a, and Masjid al-Qiblatayn, with the masjid at Quba'a being the oldest in Islam. [3] The original name of the city before the advent of Islam was Yathrib and it is referred to by the same name in the Qur'an in Chapter 33, al-Ahzab (The Confederates). According to Ibn Ishaq, all parties in the area agreed to the Constitution of Medina, which committed all parties to mutual cooperation under the leadership of Muhammad. [11] Ibn Khordadbeh later reported that during the Persian Empire's domination in Hejaz, the Banu Qurayza served as tax collectors for the Persian Shah. The center aims to enhance arts and enrich the artistic and cultural movement of society, empowering artists of all groups and ages. Once in 1256 CE (654 AH), when the storage caught fire, burning the entire mosque, and the other time in 1481 CE (886 AH), when the masjid was struck by lightning. Salman al-Farsi, a Persian Sahabi who was familiar with Sasanian war tactics recommended digging a trench to protect the city and the Prophet accepted it. Esposito, John L. Chiama il numero verde 800 010 090 (dall’estero 010 5757000), autenticati e dì al nostro operatore quello di cui hai bisogno: penserà a tutto lui! Medina witnessed the longest siege in its history during and after World War I. Highway 15 connects Medina to Mecca in the south and onward and Tabuk and Jordan in the north. Seeing that the archers were starting to descend from the hill, Khalid ibn al-Walid commanded his unit to ambush the hill and his cavalry unit pursued the descending archers were systematically slain by being caught in the plain ahead of the hill and the frontline, watched upon by their desperate comrades who stayed behind up in the hill who were shooting arrows to thwart the raiders, but with little to no effect. [69] By the end of 2019, the MMDA announced its plan to expand the bus network with 15 BRT lines. [67][68] In 2017, the MMDA launched the Madinah Sightseeing Bus service. Both of these mosques were built by Muhammad himself. It is reported that more than 400,000 people from around the world visit the complex every year. From 974 to 1151 CE (363–546 AH), Medina was in a liaison with the Fatimids, even though the political stand between the two remained turbulent and did not exceed the normal allegiance. En écoute sur toutes les plateformes digitales : http://lnk.to/GrandMedine [3], The city is known to have existed for over 1500 years before Muhammad's migration from Mecca,[4] otherwise known as the Hijrah. Medina's importance as a religious site derives from the presence of two mosques, Masjid Quba'a and al-Masjid an-Nabawi. Medina is known to have been inhabited at least 1500 years before the Hijra, or approximately the 9th century BC. Ali, the fourth caliph, changed the capital of the caliphate from Medina to Kufa in Iraq for being in a more strategic location. Taibah University is a public university providing higher education for the residents of the province, it has 28 colleges, of which 16 are in Medina. [7] Critics have described this as "Saudi vandalism" and claim that 300 historic sites linked to Muhammad, his family or companions have been lost in Medina and Mecca over the last 50 years. [55], The Ministry of Education is the governing body of education in the al-Madinah Province and it operates 724 and 773 public schools for boys and girls respectively throughout the province. Summers are extremely hot with daytime temperatures averaging about 43 °C (109 °F) with nights about 29 °C (84 °F). [65] The airport receives higher numbers of passengers during the Hajj. Nowadays, the city mostly only holds religious significance and as such, just like Mecca, has given rise to a number of hotels surrounding the Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, which unlike the Masjid Al-Ḥarām, is equipped with an underground parking. Since then, Medina's importance dwindled, becoming more a place of religious importance than of political power. Medinan suras are typically longer than their Meccan counterparts and they are also larger in number. The Medine Group grew along with the economic development of Mauritius and diversified its activities into Agriculture, Property, Education and Leisure. The Jewish Encyclopedia states that "by calling in outside assistance and treacherously massacring at a banquet the principal Jews", Banu Aus and Banu Khazraj finally gained the upper hand at Medina. Foto di Sailko. The city is served by three ring roads: King Faisal Road, a 5 km ring road that surrounds Al-Masjid an-Nabawi and the downtown area, King Abdullah Road, a 27 km road that surrounds most of urban Medina and King Khalid Road is the biggest ring road that surrounds the whole city and some rural areas with 60 km of roads. When he visited Medina in 1162 CE (557 AH), he ordered the construction of a new wall that encompassed the new urban areas outside the old city wall. Like most cities in the Hejaz region, Medina is situated at a very high elevation. Established in 1942, it was the second-largest school in the country at that time. [30] As of 1920, the British described Medina as "much more self-supporting than Mecca. The rebuilt city is centred on the vastly expanded al-Masjid an-Nabawi. Recently, after the Saudi conquest, the Saudis carried out a demolition of several tombs and domes in and around the region fearing these might become sites of association of others in worship beside Allah (shirk).[7]. The bus transport system in Medina was established in 2012 by the MMDA and is operated by SAPTCO. 2 - Villa Medicea del Trebbio. While Medina was formally allied with the Abbasids during this period, they maintained closer relations with the Zengids and Ayyubids. Trouvez l’adresse qui vous intéresse sur la carte Medina ou préparez un calcul d'itinéraire à partir de ou vers Medina, trouvez tous les sites touristiques et les restaurants du Guide Michelin dans ou à proximité de Medina. The center is located in King Fahd Park, close to Quba Mosque on an area of 8,200 square meters (88,264 square feet)[47], In 2018, the MMDA launched Madinah Forum of Arabic Calligraphy, an annual forum to celebrate Arabic calligraphy and renowned Arabic calligraphers. Dams were built in some of the wadis and the subsequent agricultural boom led to the strengthening of the economy. Almost three times as high as Mecca, the city is situated at 620 metres (2,030 feet) above sea level. In 627 CE (5 AH), Abu Sufyan led another force toward Medina. Ibrahim renovated the city's walls and the Prophet's Mosque. 20 annunci di ville in vendita a Meda da 189.000 euro. The word Yathrib has been recorded in Āyah (verse) 13 of Surah (chapter) 33 of the Qur'an. From 1151 CE (546 AH) onwards, Medina paid allegiance to the Zengids, and the Emir Nuruddin Zangi took care of the roads used by pilgrims and funded the fixing of the water sources and streets. In 1811 CE (1226 AH), Muhammad Ali Pasha, Ottoman commander and Wali of Egypt, commanded two armies under each of his two sons to seize Medina, the first one, under the elder Towson Pasha, failed to take Medina. It handles domestic flights, while it has scheduled international services to regional destinations in the Middle East. Découvrez le train low-cost qui vous fait voyager dans toute la France à prix mini sur OUI.sncf. [42], The Al Madinah Museum has several exhibits concerning the cultural and historical heritage of the city featuring different archaeological collections, visual galleries and rare images of the old city. Apartments Lucretia #595. [58] The Islamic University, established in 1961, is the oldest higher education institution in the region, with around 22000 students enrolled. 3, Book 30, Hadith 104), As of 2018, the recorded population was 2,188,138,[38] with a growth rate of 2.32%. This period also coincided with an increase in scholarly activity in Medina, with scholars such as Ibn Farhun, Al-Hafiz Zain al-Din al-'Iraqi, Al Sakhawi and others settling in the city. La proprietà fu donata, nel 1919, da Vittorio Emanuele III allo Stato Italiano e, attualmente, è sede dell'Accademia della Crusca. The city has also been called Madinah in some ahadith[10]. [3], In addition to visiting for Ziyarah, tourists come to visit the other prominent mosques and landmarks in the city that hold religious significance such as Mount Uhud, Al-Baqi' cemetery and the Seven Mosques among others. [17], Eventually the Banu 'Aws and the Banu Khazraj became hostile to each other and by the time of Muhammad's Hijrah (emigration) to Medina in 622 CE, they had been fighting for 120 years and were sworn enemies[18] The Banu Nadir and the Banu Qurayza were allied with the 'Aws, while the Banu Qaynuqa sided with the Khazraj. Muhammad continued marching with his now 700-strong force and ordered a group of 50 archers to climb a small hill, now called Jabal ar-Rummaah (The Archers' Hill) to keep an eye on the Meccan's cavalry and to provide protection to the rear of the Muslim's army. [3][26][27] During Mamluk reign, the Masjid an-Nabawi caught fire twice. Molti scelgono il circuito Visa per le sue innumerevoli caratteristiche che contraddistinguono le carte aderenti.. [62] The airport project was announced as the world's best by Engineering News-Record's 3rd Annual Global Best Projects Competition held on 10 September 2015. After a month-long siege and various skirmishes, the Meccans withdrew again due to the harsh winter. Medina witnessed little to no economic growth during and after Ali's reign.[3]. At first, these tribes were allied with the Jewish tribes who ruled the region, but later revolted and became independent. Alternatively, Lucien Gubbay suggests the name Medina could also have been a derivative from the Aramaic word Medinta, which the Jewish inhabitants could have used for the city. La localisation de Médine est la suivante : Al-ʿArabīyah as-Suʿūdīyah, Medina, Medina. Muhammad al-Bukhari recorded in Sahih Bukhari that Anas ibn Malik said the Prophet said: "Medina is a sanctuary from that place to that. A Mosque in the area of Medina, possibly: This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 09:49. [61] Al Madinah College of Technology, which is governed by TVTC, offers a variety of degree programs including Electrical engineering, Mechanical engineering, Computer Sciences and Electronic Sciences. Muhammad, linked to the Khazraj through his great-grandmother, was agreed on as the leader of the city. He is of Algerian heritage. The Dar Al Madinah Museum opened in 2011 and it uncovers the history of Medina specializing in the architectural and urban heritage of the city. The Haramain High Speed Railway (HHR) came into operation in 2018, linking Medina and Mecca, and passes through three stations: Jeddah, King Abdul Aziz International Airport, and King Abdullah Economic City. In 2015, the MMDA announced Darb as-Sunnah (Sunnah Path) Project, which aims to develop and transform the 3 km (2 mi) Quba'a Road connecting the Quba'a Mosque to the al-Masjid an-Nabawi to an avenue, paving the whole road for pedestrians and providing service facilities to the visitors. It is surrounded by a number of famous mountains, most notably Jabal Al-Hujjaj (The Pilgrims' Mountain) to the west, Sal'aa Mountain to the north-west, Jabal al-'Ir or Caravan Mountain to the south and Mount Uhud to the north. To solve the ongoing feud, concerned residents of Yathrib met secretly with Muhammad in 'Aqaba, a place outside Mecca, inviting him and his small group of believers to come to the city, where Muhammad could serve a mediator between the factions and his community could practice its faith freely. The event includes discussions about Arabic Calligraphy, and a gallery to show the work of 50 Arabic calligraphers from 10 countries. [25], Under the first three caliphs Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthman, Medina was the capital of a rapidly increasing Muslim Empire. Karon, Phuket 4 guests Similar options. This is also the period in which many of the Prophet's Mosque's modern features were built even though it wasn't painted green yet. Mount Uhud is the highest peak in Medina and is 1,077 meters (3,533 feet) tall. The Ottoman sultans took a keen interest in the Prophet's Mosque and redesigned it over and over to suit their preferences. But the second one, a larger army under the command of Ibrahim Pasha, succeeded after battling a fierce resistance movement. [2] Located at the core of the Medina Province in the western reaches of the country, the city is distributed over 589 square kilometers (227 square miles), 293 km2 (117 sq. Saudi Arabian road signage uses Madinah and al-Madinah al-Munawwarah interchangeably. Medina is mentioned several times in the Quran, two examples are Surah At-Tawbah. 3, Book 30, Hadith 99). Before the advent of Islam, the city was known as Yathrib (pronounced [ˈjaθrɪb]; يَثْرِب). The frontline was pushed further and further away from the archers and foreseeing the battle to have be a victory for the Muslims, the archers decided to leave their posts to pursue the retreating Meccans. In April 2020, it was announced that the center was renamed the Prince Mohammed bin Salman Center for Arabic Calligraphy, and upgraded to an international hub for Arabic Calligraphers, in conjunction with the "Year of Arabic Calligraphy" event organized by the Ministry of Culture during the years 2020 and 2021. Muhammad's sons, Towson and Ibrahim, alternated in the governance of the city. Pour finaliser votre inscription, cliquez sur le lien dans l’email que nous venons de vous envoyer. Pour chaque localité, les plans de ville ViaMichelin vous permettent d’afficher les éléments de cartographie classiques (les noms et les types de rues et de routes) mais également des informations plus détaillées : les rues piétonnes, les numéros des bâtiments et le sens des rues, les bâtiments administratifs et les principaux repères de la ville (mairie, gare, poste, théâtres…), les points d’intérêts touristiques avec leur distinction Guide Vert MICHELIN (si le point d’intérêt y est répertorié). A small party, however, stayed behind; pleading the rest to not disobey their Muhammad's orders. Three of these historic six mosques were combined recently into the larger Masjid al-Fath with an open courtyard. (O Taybah!). [20] In Yemenite Jewish sources, another treaty was drafted between Muhammad and his Jewish subjects, known as Kitāb Dimmat al-Nabi, written in the 3rd year of the Hijra (625 CE), and which gave express liberty to Jews living in Arabia to observe the Sabbath and to grow-out their side-locks. Medina, officially Al Madinah Al Munawwarah (Arabic: المدينة المنورة ‎, romanized: al-Madinat al-Munawwarah, lit. [circular reference] Private universities at Medina include University of Prince Muqrin, the Arab Open University, and Al Rayyan Colleges. [43] It is also includes the Hejaz Railway Museum. In 682 CE (63 AH), Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr declared himself Caliph of Mecca and the people of Medina swore allegiance to him. During the siege, Abu Sufyan contacted the Jewish tribe of Banu Qurayza and formed an agreement with them, to attack the Muslim defenders and effectively encircle the defenders. [3], Abdulbasit A. Badr, in his book, Madinah, The Enlightened City: History and Landmarks, divides this period into three distinct phases:[3], Badr describes the period between 749 and 974 CE (132–363 AH) as a push-and-pull between peace and political turmoil, while Medina continued to pay allegiance to the Abbasids. È un gioco di carte per una persona. Open top buses take passengers on sightseeing trips throughout the day with two lines and 11 destinations, including Masjid an-Nabawi, Quba'a Mosque and Masjid al-Qiblatayn and offers audio tour guidance with 8 different languages. Vous pouvez à tout moment utiliser le lien de désabonnement intégré dans la newsletter. Within one decade, the population of the city multiplied by leaps and bounds and reached 80,000. "[31] After the Great War, the Sharif of Mecca, Sayyid Hussein bin Ali was proclaimed King of an independent Hejaz. These include the three aforementioned mosques, Masjid al-Fath (also known as Masjid al-Khandaq), the Seven Mosques, the Baqi' Cemetery where the graves of many famous Islamic figures are presumed to be located; directly to the southeast of the Prophet's Mosque, the Uhud mountain, site of the eponymous Battle of Uhud and the King Fahd Glorious Qur'an Printing Complex where most modern Qur'anic Mus'hafs are printed. [3], The Sharif of Mecca, Husayn ibn Ali, first attacked Medina on 6 June 1916 CE or 4 Sha'aban 1334 AH, in the middle of World War I. Pour un week-end ou pour les vacances, notre service de location de voiture vous garantit les meilleurs tarifs partout dans le monde. [72] It runs along 444 kilometres (276 miles) with a speed of 300 km/h, and has an annual capacity of 60 million passengers. The 2020 estimated population of the city is 1,488,782,[1] making it the fourth-most populous city in the country. [52], Medina has two industrial areas, the larger one was established in 2003 with a total area of 10,000,000 m2, and managed by the Saudi Authority for Industrial Cities and Technology Zones (MODON). Established in 1985, the biggest publisher of Quran in the world, it employs around 1100 people and publishes 361 different publications in many languages. The Madanis (people of Medina) suffered heavy losses, and Muhammad was injured.[23]. [32] The most famous example of this is the demolition of al-Baqi. [3], Concerning the end of civilization in Medina, Abu Hurairah is recorded to have said that Muhammad said:[37], "The people will leave Medina in spite of the best state it will have, and none except the wild birds and the beasts of prey will live in it, and the last persons who will die will be two shepherds from the tribe of Muzaina, who will be driving their sheep towards Medina, but will find nobody in it, and when they reach the valley of Thaniyat-al-Wada'h, they will fall down on their faces dead. Medina is a desert oasis surrounded by the Hejaz Mountains and volcanic hills. [28] These suburbs also had walls and gates. Muslims visit his rawdhah in what is known as Ziyarat at least once in their lifetime, although this is not obligatory. The city is situated on a flat mountain plateau at the tripoint of the three valleys (wadis) of Wadi al 'Aql, Wadi al 'Aqiq, and Wadi al Himdh, for this reason, there are large green areas amidst a dry deserted mountainous region.[3]. A toute de suite ! ", Prince Mohammed Bin Abdulaziz International Airport, Destruction of early Islamic heritage sites in Saudi Arabia, King Fahd Complex for the Printing of the Holy Quran, Saudi Authority for Industrial Cities and Technology Zones, Prince Mohammed bin Abdulaziz International Airport, Prince Mohammad bin Abdulaziz International Airport, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, "Population of Cities in Saudi Arabia (2020)", http://www.al-madinah.org/madina/sections.php?sid=7362, Historical value of the Qur'ân and the Ḥadith, What Everyone Should Know About the Qur'an, "The destruction of Mecca: Saudi hardliners are wiping out their own heritage", The Events of the First Year of Migration, "Place Pilgrims Visit During or After Performing Hajj / Umrah", "Population in Madinah Region According to Gender and Age groups", "Al-Faisal : The Number of Illegal Staying Visitors have Dropped by 29%(Arabic)", "Publications of King Fahd Complex (Arabic)", "Museum offers insight into history of Madinah", "Holy Quran Exhibition | Medina, Saudi Arabia Attractions", "Madinah Forum of Arabic Calligraphy (Arabic)", "Prince Mohammed bin Salman Center of Arabic Calligraphy (Arabic)", "16 Sculptors Participate in Madinah Forum of Live Sculpture (Arabic)", https://haj.gov.sa/ar/InternalPageCategories/Details/49, https://modon.gov.sa/ar/Cities/IndustrialCities/Pages/IndustrialCity.aspx?CityId=5ab5a824-f7fc-4658-8d09-b8291cf70412, "The Islamic University Starts the Admission for Science Programs for the First Time (Arabic)", "Arabian Aerospace – TAV have constructed the world's best airport", "ENR Announces Winners of 3rd Annual Global Best Projects Competition", "Medina Buses Serves 20k Passengers Daily (Arabic)", "36 Months to Create 15 Bus Lines in Medina (Arabic)", "MMDA Announces a 3-line Metro Project in Medina(Arabic)", "Pictures: Saudi Arabia opens high-speed railway to public", ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim, Current Ummah of Islam (Ummah of Muhammad), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Medina&oldid=995494630, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mother Abiona or Amtelai the daughter of Karnebo, Slayers of Saleh's she-camel (Qaddar ibn Salif and Musda' ibn Dahr).

Balade à Cheval Morbihan, Un Dimanche Au Théâtre Montargis, A Bola Tv Streaming, Hafiz Chems-eddine Charlie Hebdo, 13 Hours Histoire Vraie, Hôtel Mercure Marseille Centre Vieux Port, Golden Tulip Marseille Adresse,