[24] He grew up in Gamaleya, near al-Azhar Mosque, in a quarter where Muslims, Jews and Christians resided and in which he later recalled how, during his childhood, he heard church bells and watched Jews flock to the synagogue unhindered. He began his Egyptian Presidential campaign in 2014. The Supreme Constitutional Court froze that ruling and allowed Sisi to ratify the deal with Saudi Arabia, making these two islands included in Mohammed Bin Salman's NEOM megacity. [157] Sisi also promised that Egypt would guarantee Palestine would not violate the peace treaty when reached expressing Egypt's willingness to deploy Egyptian observer forces in the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. [103] The government is also responsible for arbitrary arrests and torture of children as young as twelve. After graduating from the Egyptian Military Academy in the late 1970s, he commanded Northern Egypt’s Alexandria military division. Both military and political relations between Egypt and Russia witnessed significant improvements after Morsi's overthrow coinciding with the deterioration in relations between the United States and Egypt, once considered its important ally in the Middle East. [135], President Sisi has set a national goal of eliminating all unsafe slums in two years. [89] Tahrir Square was prepared to receive millions of Egyptians celebrating Sisi's win; police and soldiers shut down the square outlets with barbed wires and barricades, as well as electronic portals for detecting any explosives that could spoil the festivities. Russian President Vladimir Putin, right, gestures to Egypt’s President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi on Friday, April 26, 2019. [9][10][7][11][12] In the non-democratic 2018 presidential election, Sisi faced only nominal opposition (a pro-government supporter, Moussa Mostafa Moussa) after the military arrest of Sami Anan and his enforced disappearance afterwards,[13][14][15][16] threats made to Ahmed Shafik with old corruption charges and an alleged sex tape,[17][18][19] and the withdrawal of Khaled Ali and Mohamed Anwar El-Sadat due to the overwhelming obstacles and violations made by the elections committee.[20][21][22]. "Analysis: Trump presidency heralds new era of US-Egypt ties ". [83] On 21 January 2014, Kamel Gemilak organised a mass conference call in Cairo International Stadium to call on el-Sisi to run for president. In October 2016, Baseera conducted a poll that reports 68% of respondents claim to support Sisi,[140] a 14% fall from the last poll created in August,[141] and it included that the reason for the fall was the ongoing price hikes. El-Sisi commented on the relationship between the Egyptian army and Egyptian people, saying that it is hard to break. Moscow's Vedemosti business daily reported that Russia and Egypt are nearing a $3 billion (2.2 billion euro) weapons agreement. Sisi insisted funding come from Egyptian sources only. [79] Subsequently, Sabahi issued criticisms of Sisi and his candidacy by expressing doubt about Sisi's commitment to democracy, arguing that the general bears a measure of direct and indirect responsibility for the human rights violations carried out during the period of the interim government. [40], Mass demonstrations occurred on 30 June 2013 as tens of millions of Egyptians took to the streets to denounce Mohamed Morsi. "[149] With continuous support for Palestine, the Sisi administration supports the two-state solution establishing a Palestinian state on lands that were occupied in 1967 [150] with Eastern Jerusalem as its capital for the Israeli–Palestinian conflict achieving the Palestinians needs and granting Israel the security it wants. Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in Cairo. El-Sisi disputed this opinion; he and others were critical of decisions made in Iraq and Libya. Military career Meanwhile, 35 percent of respondents believed price controls had improved, while 32 percent believed that they have become worse. You turned your back on the Egyptians and they won't forget that.". He is reported to have told Egypt's state-owned newspaper that "the virginity-test procedure was done to protect the girls from rape as well as to protect the soldiers and officers from rape accusations. Starting 10 February 2019, Sisi also began serving a one-year term as Chairperson of the African Union, which concluded in 2020.[1]. [219] The reason cited for the move and attributed to people close to president el-Sisi was a "negative impact on [president el-Sisi's] image" resulting from Mahmoud's alleged ineffectiveness in his responsibilities and visible role in high-level decision-making. "[125] In Nicosia on 21 November 2017 he met President of Cyprus Nicos Anastasiades and the Prime Minister of Greece Alexis Tsipras. Abdel Fattah al-Sissi (en arabe : عبد الفتاح السيسي, transcrit traditionnellement ‘Abdu l-Fattāḥ as-Sīsī ; prononcé en arabe égyptien : [ʕæbdel.fætˈtæːħ esˈsiːsi]), né le 19 novembre 1954 au Caire, est un militaire et homme d'État égyptien. Relations with Ankara were also lowered to chargé d'affaires. [145], Relations with Israel have improved significantly following Mohamed Morsi's removal,[146][147] with Sisi saying he talks to Israel's prime minister, Binyamin Netanyahu, "a lot. President Sisi defended the decision to raise fuel prices, saying it was "bitter medicine" that should have been taken before and was "50 years late" but was not taken, as governments feared a backlash like the Bread Riots of 1977. Mohamed Morsi. Twenty-nine percent of the respondents did not see any change, and three percent were undecided. Sisi rules an authoritarian regime in Egypt,[7] as the Egyptian military has unchecked power,[8] and elections are not free and fair. [59] In April 2014, the interim government's Investment Law banned appeals against government contracts. The education details are not available at this time. "[148] Sisi has been described by The Economist as "the most pro-Israeli Egyptian leader ever. [161][162] Egypt's stance was different to those of Jordan,[163] Syria[164] and Lebanon,[165][166] which all opposed the plan in January 2020. On 26 March 2014, in response to calls from supporters to run for presidency, Sisi retired from his military career, announcing that he would run as a candidate in the 2014 presidential election. [112] By March 2015 after 8 months of Sisi's rule, Egypt's external debt fell to $39.9 billion, a drop of 13.5 percent.[113]. [115] Standard & Poor's rated Egypt B-minus with a stable outlook and upgraded Egypt's credit rating in November 2013. [134], An ambitious plan to build a new city near Cairo to serve as the country's new capital was announced during the Egypt Economic Development Conference. Ali's videos sparked off the September 2019 Egyptian protests, which el-Sisi responded to in several speeches. Also in September 2013, the interim government removed pre-trial detention limits for certain crimes, allowing unconvicted political dissidents to remain in detention indefinitely. During his speech he said in a warning way that the Egyptian people "will never forget who stood with them or against them". [62], The anti-Morsi demonstrators on the streets welcomed el-Sisi's announcement of the overthrow of Morsi with celebrations and carried posters of el-Sisi, chanting "The Army and the People are one hand" and supporting General el-Sisi. [51], During the August 2013 Cairo sit-ins dispersal, the Egyptian military under el-Sisi's command was involved in assisting the national police in dispersing two sit-ins held by Muslim Brotherhood/Morsi supporters from sit-ins in Rabaa el-Adaweya and Nahda squares. The poll showed that 78 percent of the sample said they would vote for Sisi should the presidential elections be held again the next day while 11 percent said they would not. Après une cérémonie d'accueil à l'Hôtel des Invalides, le président égyptien Abdel Fattah al-Sissi arrive à l'Élysée, accueilli par le président français Emmanuel Macron. [180], In April 2016, King Salman of Saudi Arabia made a five-day visit to Egypt, during which the two countries signed economic agreements worth approximately $25 billion and also made an agreement to "return" Tiran and Sanafir, two Egyptian-administered islands in the Gulf of Aqaba, to Saudi control. The Egyptian government has always provided these subsidies as a crucial aid to millions of people who live in poverty, fearing people's anger in five years time. Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi and his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron attend a joint news conference at the Elysee Palace, France [Michel Euler/Pool via … Abdel Fattah El-sisi is a member of Richest Celebrities and Politicians. [193] However, in a 2014 news story, BBC reported: "The US has revealed it has released $575m in military aid to Egypt that had been frozen since the ousting of President Mohammed Morsi last year. Le président égyptien Abdel Fattah al-Sissi a annoncé la grâce de 330 jeunes prisonniers, arrêtés notamment lors de manifestations. On 3 July 2013, the Egyptian Armed Forces declared that as the political parties had failed to meet the deadline and Morsi had failed to build a national consensus for his leadership, the army had to overthrow Morsi in a coup d'état. Retrouvez dans l annuaire des célébrités sa date d anniversaire, son âge, sa taille, son signe du zodiaque et des milliers d autres informations, de fiches de stars françaises et du monde entier. [143] Shortly before Sisi arrived in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea to participate in the 23rd ordinary session of the African Union summit where he gave his speech blaming the AU for freezing Egypt's membership a year before. [130] The new canal was inaugurated on schedule on 6 August 2015. Sisi's family originated from Monufia Governorate. [39] This statement was taken by Morsi opponents as a clarification that the Army is in support of them. In May 2015, Egypt chose the banks to handle its return to the international bond market after a gap of five years marking a return of economic and political stability in the country after the revolution of 2011. "[42] El-Sisi announced on television that the president had "failed to meet the demands of the Egyptian people" and declared that the constitution would be temporarily suspended, which was met by acceptance from anti-Morsi demonstrations and condemnation from pro-Morsi supporters in Rabaa al-Adawiya. Sisi was elected president in May 2014 and elected to a second term in March 2018. [201], El-Sisi criticized President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital. Sisi welcomed Trump-brokered Israel–United Arab Emirates peace agreement, saying he was gladdened by suspension of Israel's plans to annex parts of the occupied Palestinian territories in the West Bank. [120] In August 2014, daily electricity consumption hit a record high of 27.7 gigawatts, 20% more power than stations could provide. [158], Sisi also stipulated that the Palestinian Authority would take power in the Gaza Strip in future peace plans and conditioned an easing of transit restrictions at the Rafah checkpoint on the presence of a force from the Palestinian Authority's Presidential Guard being stationed on the Gaza side of the crossing[159] as the Sisi administration considers Hamas an enemy, blaming them for the killing of 16 Egyptian soldiers in 2012 and over the alleged involvement in the prisons' storming in the wake of Egyptian Revolution of 2011.[160].

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