[39], The annual mean temperature at the measuring station of the Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology in Zürich-Fluntern (556 m[1,824 ft] above sea level on the slope of the Zürichberg, 150 m[490 ft] above the level of the city centre) is 9.3 °C (48.7 °F). By 2001 the event attracted one million participants. Zürich is a hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. The Gemeinderat of Zürich for the mandate period of 2018–2022, The Municipal Council (Gemeinderat) holds the legislative power. The areas surrounding the Limmat are almost completely developed with residential, industrial, and commercial zones. Bern's 2020 population is now estimated at 429,734.In 1950, the population of Bern was 193,743.Bern has grown by 3,783 since 2015, which represents a 0.89% annual change. It is located in north-central Switzerland,[5] at the northwestern tip of Lake Zürich. Zürich Marathon is a long distance running event, covering 42.195 kilometers (26.219 mi) at one stretch. In 2008, the average monthly income was about CHF 7000 before any deductions for social insurances and taxes. In 2012, the city council launched a program to improve the city's attractiveness for bicycle traffic. It has no known composer but likely originated in Russia. [23][24][25][26], On 1 May 1351, the citizens of Zürich had to swear allegiance before representatives of the cantons of Lucerne, Schwyz, Uri and Unterwalden, the other members of the Swiss Confederacy. During the warmer half of the year and especially during the three summer months, the strength of rainfall is higher than those measured in winter, but the days with precipitation stays about the same throughout the year (in average 9.9–12.7 days per month). The production facilities for other commercial stations "Star TV", "u1" TV and "3+" are located in Schlieren. During the months April until September the sun shines between 150 and 215 hours per month. [30][unreliable source]. [11] In the 2017 Global Financial Centres Index, Zürich was ranked as having the 11th most competitive financial center in the world, and second most competitive in Europe after London. Zürich (Alemannic German: Züri; French: Zurich; Italian: Zurigo; Romansh: Turitg) is the largest city in Switzerland, and the capital of the canton of Zürich. There are on average 30 so-called summer days (maximum temperature equal to or above 25 °C [77 °F]) throughout the year, while so-called heat days (with maximum temperature equal to or above 30 °C [86 °F]) are 5.8 days. [17], Settlements of the Neolithic and Bronze Age were found around Lake Zürich. Zürich's population reached its highest in 1962 with a little over 445,000 inhabitants. There is also an airfield in Dübendorf. Switzerland: Agglomeration Cores Contents: Agglomeration and Urban Cores The population of the Swiss agglomerations and urban cores according to census results and latest estimates. Past themes have included lions (1986), cows (1998), benches (2003), teddy bears (2005), and huge flower pots (2009). The 1,134 millimetres (44.6 in) rainfall spread on 133.9 days with precipitation throughout the year. The canton of Zurich has a leading role in urban development while its population grew by over 200,000 between 2005 and 2015. The blue and white coat of arms of Zürich is attested from 1389 and was derived from banners with blue and white stripes in use since 1315. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects.These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Munich, which typically includes … The employment laws are less restrictive as nearby Germany or France. 1,4 million people live in Zürich agglomeration. Departmental tasks, coordination measures and implementation of laws decreed by the Municipal Council are carried out by the City Council. [85][86] In particular, Zürich received high scores for work, housing, leisure, education and safety. Louis also founded the Fraumünster abbey in 853 for his daughter Hildegard. The International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) officiating as head organisation for ice hockey leagues worldwide is based in Zürich as well. ... L'Eglise, visitable sur demande, est restée intacte, et constitute un des joyaux du canton de Zurich. [97][98] The Zürifäscht, on the other hand, is a triennial public festival. Producing such a work was a highly expensive prestige project, requiring several years work by highly skilled scribes[22] and miniature painters, and it clearly testifies to the increasing wealth and pride of Zürich citizens in this period. Zürich's Bahnhofstrasse (Station Street) was laid out in 1867, and the Zürich Stock Exchange was founded in 1877. Schauspielhaus Zürich is considered to be one of the most important theatres in the German-speaking world.[10]. The earliest written record of the town dates from the 2nd century, with a tombstone referring to it as to the Statio Turicensis Quadragesima Galliarum ("Zürich post for collecting the 2.5% value tax of the Galliae"), discovered at the Lindenhof. Claudia Cuche-Curti is Town Chronicler (Stadtschreiberin) since 2012, and Peter Saile is Legal Counsel (Rechtskonsulent) since 2000 for the City Council. L'agglomération compte quant à elle environ 2 millions d'habitants [6]. Regional commercial television station "TeleZüri" (Zürich Television) has its headquarters near Escher-Wyss Platz. It consists of decorated sculptures distributed over the city centre, in public places. Zürich is host city of the Street Parade, which takes place in August every year (see above). As of January 2020, the municipality has 434,335 inhabitants, the urban area (agglomeration) 1.315 million (2009), and the Zürich metropolitan area 1.83 million (2011). The Zürich Opera House (German: Zürcher Opernhaus), built in 1834, was the first permanent theatre in the heart of Zürich and was at the time, the main seat of Richard Wagner's activities. Zürich Hauptbahnhof (Zürich HB) is the largest and busiest station in Switzerland and is an important railway hub in Europe. Also hiking trails are well marked with yellow signs, which give the hiker the probable time it will take them to reach their destination. The portico is made of white and grey stone ornamented with the busts of Wagner, Weber and Mozart. 6% of all foreigners who move to Switzerland come to the City of Zürich, emphasizing its central role as an economic hub. Munich's 2020 population is now estimated at 1,538,302.In 1950, the population of Munich was 830,977.Munich has grown by 16,885 since 2015, which represents a 1.11% annual change. The municipal building regulations (Article 9)[77] limit the construction of high-rise buildings to areas in the west and north of the city. for many years ranked Zürich as a city with the highest quality of life in the world. Zurich est ainsi le sixième centre bancaire et financier mondial, derrière Londres, New York, Hong Kong, Singapour et Tokyo. By the end of 2018, 32% of the city's population was made up of non-Swiss from a total of 172 different countries, all of whom help to make up Zürich's multi-cultural character. Zürich is a hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. [38] Decisive for the climate of Zürich are both the winds from westerly directions, which often result in precipitation and, on the other hand, the Bise (east or north-east wind), which is usually associated with high-pressure situations, but cooler weather phases with temperatures lower than the average. The Zürcher Theater Spektakel is an international theatre festival, featuring contemporary performing arts.[104]. The lowest point of the city is on the banks of the river Limmat, at 392 metres above sea-level, while the highest – the peak of the Uetliberg mountain – is 871 metres. There are authentic amusements: bars, punk clubs, hip hop stages, caribbean restaurants, arthouse cinemas, Turkish kebabs and Italian espresso-bars, but also sex shops or the famous red-light district of Zürich. ETH was founded in 1854 by the Swiss Confederation and opened its doors in 1855 as a polytechnic institute. The auditorium is designed in the rococo style. ... L'Eglise, visitable sur demande, est restée intacte, et constitute un des joyaux du canton de Zurich. The Kunst Zürich is an international contemporary art fair with an annual guest city; it combines most recent arts with the works of well-established artists. [58] Of these, German citizens make up the largest group with 8% (33,548), followed by Italians 3.5% (14,543). Proceeding along the side of Lake Zürich, it is normally held on the second Saturday in August. It is composed of nine councilors, each presiding over a department. Since 2013, the international Openair Literatur Festival Zürich takes place annually in Zurich, presented by Literaturhaus Zürich and Kaufleuten. [41][42], Spring and autumn are generally cool to mild, but sometimes with large differences between warm and cold days even during the same year. Roughly about every third day you will encounter at least some precipitation, which is very much a Swiss average. This authority was the executive council and lawmaking body of the confederacy, from the Middle Ages until the establishment of the Swiss federal state in 1848. The fortifications required a lot of resources, which were taken from subject territories without reaching any agreement. There are numerous examples of brutalist buildings throughout the city, including the Swissmill Tower which, at 118m, is the world's tallest gain silo. On its west side, the Limmat valley is flanked by the wooded heights of the Albis chain, which runs along the western border. Thus, Zürich became the fifth member of the Confederacy, which was at that time a loose confederation of de facto independent states. The official language of Zürich is German,[a] but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect, Zürich German. [65] In 2010, there were 12,994 cases (on average per month) of direct or indirect welfare payments from the state.[66]. [18], In the 5th century, the Germanic Alemanni tribe settled in the Swiss Plateau. The partially channeled and straightened Limmat does not flow in the central part of the valley, but always along its right (northeastern) side. In this context, the term 'German' is used as an umbrella term for any variety of German. (estimation pour 2012) GÉOGRAPHIE. The name is interpreted as a derivation from a given name, possibly Gaulish personal name Tūros, for a reconstructed native form of the toponym of *Turīcon. The following revolts were crushed brutally. One section of the Swiss German language licence fee-funded public radio station "Schweizer Radio DRS" is located in Zürich. Zürich was the Federal capital for 1839–40, and consequently, the victory of the Conservative party there in 1839 caused a great stir throughout Switzerland. In Zürich it is represented by the ZSC Lions. From this originated the concept of the CowParade that has been featured in other major world cities. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects.These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Geneva, which typically includes Geneva's population … Compared to other cities, there are few tall buildings in Zürich. The Euro 2008 games were held in the Letzigrund Stadium. As of early 2020, Zürich HB served around 470,000 passengers and nearly 3,000 trains every day. It is located in north-central Switzerland, at the northwestern tip of Lake Zürich. Later, busts of Schiller, Shakespeare and Goethe were also added. "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit", "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität, Stadtkreis und Stadtquartier, 2016", "STATISTISCHES JAHRBUCH DER STADT ZÜRICH 2014", "Statistisches Jahrbuch der Stadt Zürich 2012 Kapitel 14: Soziale Sicherheit und Gesundheit", "Aus der Geschichte der Kirche St. Peter Zürich", "Kunsthaus Zürich – das Kunstmuseum in Zürich", "Uetliberg – Zürich – Your city – Official Website of Zürich Tourism", "BASE jumping :: BASEJumping.tv @ BLiNC Magazine", "UNESCO World Heritage Site – Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps", "2007 World-wide quality of living survey", "Mercer's 2008 Quality of Living survey highlights", ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology), "Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation", "Sechseläuten-Marsch: Sein Weg in die Schweiz - Radio", "Oliver prepared for the 'one-day Olympics, "weltklassezuerich.ch. Since then, both large Swiss churches, the Roman Catholic Church and Swiss Reformed Church, have been constantly losing members, though for the Catholic Church, the decrease started 20 years later, in around 1990. The Treaty of Zürich between Austria, France, and Sardinia was signed in 1859.[28]. On average there are 74.9 days in which the minimum temperature is below 0 °C (32 °F) (so-called frost days), and 23.7 days in which the maximum temperature is below 0 °C (32 °F) (so-called ice days). The Municipal Council decrees regulations and by-laws that are executed by the City Council and the administration. [34] In the federal election, a total of 110,760 voters were cast, and the voter turnout was 47.7%. Unlike those of the City Council, the members of the Municipal Council are not politicians by profession but are paid a fee based on their attendance. In English, the name used to be written as Zurich, without the umlaut. [84], The high quality of life has been cited as a reason for economic growth in Zürich. It has two dépendances: Pfauen in the Central City District and Schiffbauhalle, an old industrial hall, in Zürich West. In 2007 were inaugurated the new FIFA headquarters building, designed by architect Tilla Theus. Zürich has been the home to several art movements. In December 2016, the Canton of Zurich submitted four 3rd-generation agglomeration programs for approval to the federal authorities. The creative economy accounts for about 39'000 employees or for eleven percent of jobs in the City. Many museums and art galleries can be found in the city, including the Swiss National Museum and Kunsthaus. Most of the ramparts built in the 17th century were torn down, without ever having been besieged, to allay rural concerns over the city's hegemony. Nowadays with its 24,000 students and 1,900 graduations each year, the University of Zürich is the largest in Switzerland and offers the widest range of subjects and courses at any Swiss higher education institution. The next four most popular parties were the GPS (20.9%, +9.7), GLP (15.7%, +6.4), SVP (13.7%, -4.3), the FDP (11.8%, -2.2), the AL (4%, new), and the CVP (3.5%, -0.2). [87] Zürich is also ranked[when?] The Lindenhof in the old town is the historical site of the Roman castle, and the later Carolingian Imperial Palace. The northernmost part of the municipality extends to the plain of the Glatt valley and to the saddle which makes the connection between the Glattal and Furttal. In Zürich German, the local dialect of Swiss German, the name is pronounced without the final consonant, as Züri [ˈtsyri], although the adjective remains Zürcher(in) [ˈtsyrxər(ɪn)]. Reliefs. [19], Zürich gained Imperial immediacy (Reichsunmittelbar, becoming an Imperial free city) in 1218 with the extinction of the main line of the Zähringer family and attained a status comparable to statehood. [36], Zürich is partnered with two sister cities: Kunming and San Francisco.[37]. Other important industries include light industry, machine and textile industries and tourism. Today the incorporated city stretches somewhat beyond the natural confines of the hills and includes some districts to the northeast in the Glatt Valley (Glattal) and to the north in the Limmat Valley (Limmattal). A female who died in about 200 B.C found buried in a carved tree trunk during a construction project at the Kern school complex in March 2017 in Aussersihl. Definition: 2012. October has the lowest number (9.9) of days with some precipitation. Both Zurich Airport and railway stationare the largest and busiest i… A Carolingian castle, built on the site of the Roman castle by the grandson of Charlemagne, Louis the German, is mentioned in 835 (in castro Turicino iuxta fluvium Lindemaci). Bâle: agglomération nationale Contexte démographique Population résidante permanente 2017 545 326 Densité de la population, par km² 2017 783,6 Rapport de dépendance des jeunes 2017 30,4 Rapport de dépendance des personnes âgées 2017 33,9 Âge médian, en années 2017 44,6 Population résidante permanente étrangère , en % 2017 27,1 Bullinger took over his role as the city's spiritual leader. [27] In this time the political system of Zürich was an oligarchy (Patriziat): the dominant families of the city were the following ones: Bonstetten, Brun, Bürkli, Escher vom Glas, Escher vom Luchs, Hirzel, Jori (or von Jori), Kilchsperger, Landenberg, Manesse, Meiss, Meyer von Knonau, Mülner, von Orelli. Traces of pre-Roman Celtic, La Tène settlements were discovered near the Lindenhof, a morainic hill dominating the SE - NW waterway constituted by Lake Zurich and the river Limmat. The city previously co-hosted the 1953 and 1939 editions. Zürich was temporarily expelled from the confederacy in 1440 due to a war with the other member states over the territory of Toggenburg (the Old Zürich War). The A1 heads west towards Bern and Geneva and eastwards towards St. Gallen; the A4 leads northwards to Schaffhausen and southwards to Altdorf connecting with the A2 towards Chiasso; and the A3 heads northwest towards Basel and southeast along Lake Zürich and Lake Walen towards Sargans. : 14–19 Places in bold print are towns because of FSO's definition and historic town/market rights. [58] As of 2011, the population of the city, including suburbs, totaled 1.17 million people. Map of the Urban Sprawl in MDA, FUA and MUA In 1648, Zürich proclaimed itself a republic, shedding its former status of a free imperial city. Contents: Population The population development of Zürich as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). Agglomeration & Urban Cores. The population density is comparatively low, at 2800 per square mile/1075 per square kilometer. Cycling routes are generally marked with red and white signs and the yellow lanes are exclusively meant for cyclists. The abbess nominated the mayor, and she frequently delegated the minting of coins to citizens of the city. [citation needed], In 1893, the twelve outlying districts were incorporated into Zürich, including Aussersihl, the workman's quarter on the left bank of the Sihl, and additional land was reclaimed from Lake Zürich.[29]. Les communes de la couronne groupent quant à elles 253 400 habitants, soit 30,9 % de la population de l’agglo-mération. Association football is an essential aspect of sports in Zürich. It comprises the area that can be reached within a roughly 80-minute drive from Zurich Airport. Among the most popular sports in Switzerland is ice hockey. Zurich est la ville la plus peuplée de Suisse avec une population de 415 215 habitants en décembre 2018 [5]. Zurich Airport is located less than 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) northeast of the city in Kloten. [54] Pro Velo, a nationwide interest group, has publicly questioned whether the masterplan already failed. Dramatically increasing, according to the last census in 2000, 8.8% now speak English. [31] The last regular election was held on 4 March 2018.[31]. The first edition was held in 1992 with about 1,000 participants. Understand [] Zurich is the largest city of the Swiss Confederation (Switzerland) by land area and population. As a result, the city is home to many multilingual people and employees generally demonstrate a high degree of motivation and a low level of absenteeism. Densité de la population : 145,6 habitants/km 2. [50] Among the 16 railway stations (and 10 additional train stops) within Zürich's city borders, there are five other major passenger railway stations. Some 122 hotel companies with 15'800 beds at their disposal provide 3,4 million overnight stays every year, while Zürich airport looks after around 20 million passengers. The University of Zürich was founded in 1833, although its beginnings date back to 1525 when the Swiss reformer Ulrich Zwingli founded a college of theology. He endowed the Benedictine convent with the lands of Zürich, Uri, and the Albis forest, and granted the convent immunity, placing it under his direct authority. The people's initiative "40 metres (130 feet) is enough," which would have reduced both the maximum height and the high-rise buildings area, was clearly rejected on 29 November 2009. Notably, the area known as Zürich West in district 5, near the Escher-Wyss square and the S-Bahn Station of Zürich Hardbrücke. The municipality has approximately 400,028 inhabitants, the urban agglomeration 1.315 million, and the Zurich metropolitan area 1.83 million. However, early settlements have been found dating back more than 6,400 years (although this only indicates human presence in the area, and not the presence of a town that early). Its summit can be reached easily by the Uetlibergbahn. [citation needed], Ten of the country's 50 largest companies have their head offices in Zürich, among them ABB, UBS,[81] Credit Suisse, Swiss Re and Zürich Financial Services. In 1989, Zürich still had some 356,000 inhabitants, and a period of stagnation was followed by moderate growth which took the population up to 380,000 by 2008. The coat of arms is flanked by two lions. The curling season starts in early September and continues until the end of April. Thus, 20% of the population speak two or more languages at home.[59]. In the adjacent high-rise areas II and III the height is limited to 40 meters (130 ft). Both universities were listed in the top 50 world universities rated in 2007.[91]. One of the key projects of the system is a tunnel beneath the tracks of the main railway station planned to combine a main connection with staffed possibilities where commuters can leave their bikes throughout the day. Nevertheless, for the last twenty years, both confessions have been reduced by 10%, to the current figures (census 2010): 30% Roman Catholic, and 26% Swiss Reformed (organized in Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Zürich). However, these efforts cause critique, mainly due to postponing. Population… Bâle: agglomération nationale Contexte démographique Population résidante permanente 2017 545 326 Densité de la population, par km² 2017 783,6 Rapport de dépendance des jeunes 2017 30,4 Rapport de dépendance des personnes âgées 2017 33,9 Âge médian, en années 2017 44,6 Population résidante permanente étrangère , en % 2017 27,1 Agglomeration in Switzerland. Zürich Marathon is a popular sport event, inviting numerous athletes from every corner of the globe. [32], The last election of the Municipal Council was held on 4 March 2018 for the mandate period of 2018–2022. From the platform of the observation tower on the summit, an impressive panorama of the city, the lake, and the Alps can be seen. The area includes a section of the northern Swiss Plateau. Zürich is among the world's largest financial centres despite having a relatively small population. In 1996, an electronic trading platform replaced the open outcry trading system at the stock exchanges of Geneva (founded in 1850), Basel (1866), and Zürich (1873). Monocle's 2012 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Zürich first on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within". The mayor (German: Stadtpräsident(in)) is elected as such by a public election by a system of Majorz while the heads of the other departments are assigned by the collegiate. [14], The earliest known form of the city's name is Turicum, attested on a tombstone of the late 2nd century AD in the form STA(tio) TURICEN(sis) ("Turicum tax post"). "Statistisches Jahrbuch des Kantons Zürich 2015"; publication date: February 2015. mobilityexchange.mercer.com/Insights/quality-of-living-rankings, An example is a Zurich ducat dated 1646, inscribed with, Ingeborg Glier, reviewing Koschorreck and Werner 1981 in. Bâle: agglomération nationale Population Population résidante permanente 2014 508 640 Densité de la population, par km² 2014 1 057,2 Rapport de dépendance des jeunes 2014 30,0 Rapport de dépendance des personnes âgées 2014 33,2 Âge médian, en années 2014 44,3 Migration Population résidante permanente étrangère, en % 2014 26,5 The Schauspielhaus was home to emigrants such as Bertolt Brecht or Thomas Mann, and saw premieres of works of Max Frisch, Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Botho Strauss or Elfriede Jelinek. Zürich central station is one of Europe's main railway intersections, used by almost 500'000 passengers every day. It is also served by one cargo airline and is a hub for Swiss International Air Lines. New Year's Eve run is another important running event. [80] The Greater Zürich Area is Switzerland's economic centre and home to many international companies. Some of the most accessible walks in the Zürich area are the Uetliberg and the Zürichberg. Even so, standard English practice for German names is to either preserve the umlaut or replace it with the base letter followed by e (i.e. Zürich was the presiding canton of the Diet from 1468 to 1519. The Foehn wind, which plays an important role in the northern alpine valleys also has some impact on Zürich. During this festival the popular march known as the Sechseläutenmarsch is played. Agglomerations. A number of magazines from major publishers are based in Zürich. The Sihl meets with the Limmat at the end of Platzspitz, which borders the Swiss National Museum. There are other radio stations that operate only during certain parts of the year, such as "CSD Radio" (May/June), "Radio Streetparade" (July/August) and "rundfunk.fm" (August/September). The Theater am Neumarkt is one of the oldest theatres of the city. Second, cyclists' safety should be improved to lower the overall accident risk. Densité de la population : 145,6 habitants/km 2. The sunny and desirable residential areas in the hills overlooking Zürich, Waidberg and Zürichberg, and the bottom part of the slope on the western side of the valley on the Uetliberg, are also densely built. Another Swiss city with a comparable status was Geneva, the so-called Protestant Rome, where John Calvin and his Protestant Reformers operated, as well as Basel. Technology new start, FinTech and others in MedTech secure good seed and starter funding. Artists like Max Bill, Marcel Breuer, Camille Graeser or Richard Paul Lohse had their ateliers in Zürich, which became even more important after the takeover of power by the Nazi regime in Germany and World War II. l’agglomération évolue de manière inverse à la taille de l’agglomération : 55,1 % de la population réside au centre à Zurich, 57,8 % à Genève et 71,9 % à Lausanne. [49] The ZVV network of public transport contains at least four means of mass-transit: any train that stops within the network's borders, in particular the S-Bahn (local trains), Zürich trams, and buses (both diesel and electric, also called trolley buses) and boats on the lake and river. The City of Zürich is divided into 12 districts and 34 quarters. The City Council (Stadtrat) constitutes the executive government of the City of Zürich and operates as a collegiate authority. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, nationality, country of birth). In 1045, King Henry III granted the convent the right to hold markets, collect tolls, and mint coins, and thus effectively made the abbess the ruler of the city. Contact. [92] The institution consists of two campuses, the main building in the heart of the city and the new campus on the outskirts of the city. The first certain testimony of banners with the same design is from 1434. The previous boundaries of the city of Zürich (before 1893) were more or less synonymous with the location of the old town. Population Zürich is the largest city in Switzerland with a population of over 428'700, an increase of 19'500 since year 2000. The Thirty Years' War which raged across Europe motivated the city to build these walls. However, because of Zürich's national importance, and therefore its existing high fluctuation, one can hear all kinds of Swiss German dialects spoken by its inhabitants and commuters. Industrialisation led to migration into the cities and to rapid population growth, particularly in the suburbs of Zürich. The Reformation resulted in major changes in state matters and civil life in Zürich, spreading also to a number of other cantons.

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