French Canadian nationalists from the FLQ (the Front de libération du Québec) had abducted British diplomat James Cross five days earlier, and now a Quebec minister. Depuis janvier 1971, la SQ sait précisément lequel des felquistes a causé la mort de Pierre Laporte, mais elle n’a jamais pu l’accuser directement. Trudeau used Lalonde to stay on top of developments in Quebec. • The FLQ Manifesto called for Quebec's non-democratic separation from Canada, brought about by acts of terror. An English Canadian caller to CBC Radio's Double Take thinks francophones are a fairly privileged bunch. Ten years later, it is revealed that the labour minister was one of many diplomats targeted for the abduction. Two FLQ members -- Paul Rose and Francis Simard -- were eventually convicted of murder in Laporte’s death and sentenced to life behind bars, although they were released in 1982. Il est député de Chambly de 1961 à 1970 et occupe durant ses mandats, différentes fonctions ministérielles au sein des gouvernements Lesage et Bourassa. CBC Archives has a new look: Please go to to access the new site. On Oct. 17, 1970, a week after he was being kidnapped by the terrorist group Front de Libération du Québec (FLQ) during the October Crisis, Laporte… Pierre Laporte was at home in the Montreal suburb of St. Lambert, throwing a football with his nephew on the front lawn, when a group of men drove up in a … Pierre Laporte's body is taken from the trunk of 1968 Chevrolet on Oct. 18, 1970. On October 10, Quebec Justice Minister Jérôme Choquette announced that he refused to accede to the requests of the Liberation cell. 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There was no more sympathy,” he said. doctor working in COVID-19 ward, Trump has been told to wait on vaccination — here’s why. L’élément déclencheur de cette crise fut l’enlèvement d’un chargé d’affaires anglais par le FLQ, James Richard Cross et puis l'enlèvement de Pierre Laporte, alors ministre du Travail dans le gouvernement Robert Bourassa, et qui est assassiné [23]. The crisis deepened five days later when another FLQ cell kidnapped Pierre Laporte, the Quebec labour minister. Laporte’s death had political repercussions for Quebec, as well as tragic consequences for his family, who lost a beloved father, husband and uncle. 1970: FLQ kidnaps Pierre Laporte The Story In broad daylight, kidnappers with machine guns pull up to Quebec immigration and labour minister Pierre Laporte's front lawn in Saint-Lambert. 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Fifty years later, the events of the 1970 October Crisis, including the abductions of Laporte and British diplomat James Cross and the federal government’s decision to suspend civil liberties by invoking the War Measures Act, remain a dark period in the country’s history, with repercussions still being felt today. ”It always happens in a way you can’t imagine, and never at the time you think.”. But the group also gained some popular support for its political positions calling for an independent Quebec. From 1963 to 1970, the FLQ claimed responsibility for more than 85 bombs, killing six people. Soldiers carrying machine guns raid homes of suspected FLQ members. Faced with this refusal, the Chénier cell kidnapped the Minister of “Unemployment and Assimilation of Quebecers”, Pierre Laporte. While he’s glad the incident proved that Canadians have little tolerance for political violence, Comeau says some of the issues raised during the crisis remain unresolved. The film focuses on the family of Paul and Jacques Rose, two members of the Front de Liberation du Quebec convicted for the kidnapping and murder of then-Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte, in 1970. • Laporte was murdered Oct. 17, the day after the federal government applied the War Measures Act. Want to discuss? Suspected FLQ kidnappers are on their way to Cuba. everything else,” Lise and Claude Laporte wrote in the Oct. 5 article. Canada has approved 2 coronavirus vaccines. 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Robert Comeau, then a young university professor, says he was seduced into helping the FLQ by the romantic ideals of revolution that were prevalent in countries such as Algeria and Cuba in the 1960s. They grab him while he plays football with his family, and shove him into the back seat of their car. “Pierre Laporte was an important figure in our history and there is no doubt that the people who kidnapped him did not know his importance,” says former felquiste Robert Comeau. Rose said that while he doesn’t condone the actions of his father and uncle, he understands better why FLQ members would turn to violence, especially when faced with political and police repression, including a ban on protesting. • The Quebec government refused to accede to all FLQ demands. . That changed after Pierre Laporte was found dead in … The Journal recaps the crisis and examines what it meant for Quebec nationalism. The FLQ members responsible for the kidnapping have never discussed the details, but later admitted and accepted their responsibility for the death of Pierre Laporte. “It’s hard for a young person today to imagine there was a time when a lot of young people, a lot of publications, believed a revolution was possible in North America,” Comeau said in a phone interview. The separatist, socialist Front de libération du Québec had begun setting off bombs in 1963, waging a campaign of terror that by 1970 had resulted in five deaths. While he doubts young Quebecers will resort to bombs and kidnappings, he says it’s impossible to say another crisis could never happen. Has Confederation Been Good for Newfoundland? Paul Rose, prominent figure in Quebec history and October crisis, has died. Please read our Commenting Policy first. In his film, “Les Rose,” he explores his father and uncle’s upbringing in a poor suburb of Montreal, at a time when men were expected to work in “miserable” conditions in factories where they had few educational opportunities and were humiliated for speaking French. Read more: Fact file: What is Bill 101? Liberal Justice Minister John Turner defends Trudeau's contentious War Measures Act. Pierre Laporte’s funeral is held at Montreal’s Notre-Dame Basilica. Paul Rose, during an interview while serving time in prison for the murder of Pierre Laporte – October crisis / FLQ. In response, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau invoked the only peacetime use of the War Measures Act. “In history, we can’t predict,” he said. He was also motivated by a sense of anger over the economic discrimination against francophone Quebecers, whom he saw as a nation needing to break free from colonial rule. It did agree to broadcasting the FLQ Manifesto on Radio-Canada, and guaranteeing the kidnappers safe passage anywhere in the world. A brief list of terror plots involving Canada. Armed kidnappers force British Trade Commissioner James Cross into a taxi as he leaves his Montreal home for work. 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Elections: Colourful Characters, Pivotal Points, Northwest Territories: Voting in Canada's North, P.E.I. Comeau does not believe there is any attempt to justify the actions of the perpetrators. In a recent opinion piece in La Presse, Laporte’s niece and nephew criticized what they said was a lingering “adhesion of certain Quebec nationalists to the actions of the felquistes,” calling it “an apology for terror.”. Canada's Constitutional Debate: What Makes a Nation? The body of Pierre Laporte, with Premier and Mrs. Robert Bourassa kneeling before it, lies in state Monday, Oct. 20, 1970 in the Montreal courthouse, attended by … October 10: Quebec labour minister Pierre Laporte is kidnapped by members of the FLQ's Chénier cell. The above picture of the body of Quebec labour minister Pierre Laporte in the trunk of a car was one which shocked the normally-aplomb nation to its core. Laporte's death would mark the beginning of the end of the FLQ as sympathy abruptly shifted away from the group. “At the moment it happened, we were convinced we were in a bit of a war,” he said. While Lalonde describes the October Crisis as a “tragedy for Quebec,” he believes some positive elements came from it. The National traces the steps leading up to the crisis. Related Stories “It was the most depressing time in my 20 years in federal politics,” said Lalonde, who in 1970 was an adviser to then-prime minister Pierre Trudeau and later ran for office and served in Trudeau’s cabinet. The act was put into effect following the kidnapping of British diplomat James Cross and Quebec labour minister Pierre Laporte by the FLQ. Halloween Across the Years, The Wrongful Conviction of David Milgaard, Pushing Past Borders: Canada & International Drug Trafficking, A Lost Heritage: Canada's Residential Schools, An Inuit Education: Honouring a Past, Creating a Future, Who Cares For Our Kids? 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He has read the accounts of Laporte’s family and long ago stopped believing in violent acts as a means to an end. Marina Smyth explains – Oct 15, 2020, Don’t break the rules during Christmas, pleads B.C. How The East Was Won: Nova Scotia Elections Since 1949, How the West is Won: B.C. “It was a very, very depressing time. October 16 at 4:00 a.m.: The War Measures Act goes into effect. L’enlèvement du ministre Pierre Laporte par le Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) en 1970 a été un tournant décisif dans la crise d’Octobre; sa mort, le paroxysme. MONTREAL — At age 91, Marc Lalonde still remembers the shock he felt on Oct. 17, 1970 when Pierre Laporte’s body was discovered in the trunk of a car at an airport south of Montreal, a week after he had been kidnapped by a cell of the FLQ. Two FLQ members — Paul Rose and Francis Simard — were eventually convicted of murder in Laporte’s death and sentenced to life behind bars, although they were released in 1982. 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Comeau says Laporte, as a progressive Quebec politician and a former journalist, should never have been a target, but at the time he felt it was part of the revolution. “As of the death of Pierre Laporte, the sympathy was completely dropped. While he’s faced criticism for portraying his family in too positive a light, he believes that the lesson of the film is that violence is a symptom of a deeper problem, and also largely avoidable. A francophone caller to CBC Radio's Double Take is frustrated with English Canada. His body was discovered in the trunk of a car tonight. After the FLQ manifesto was broadcast in October 1970, Québecers felt uplifted. Photo by Montreal Star/Photo-Canada Wide. Paul Rose, leader of the FLQ's Chenier cell, which kidnapped Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte In 1970, the FLQ numbered some 35 people, loosely organized and divided on priorities.

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