The role of the SS in this massacre contributes decisively to its rise in power. On April 29, 1945, soldiers of the 3rd Battalion, 157th Infantry Regiment, 45th Infantry Division, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Felix L. Sparks, approaching the sprawling Dachau complex from the southwest, found 39 railway boxcars containing some 2,000 skeletal corpses parked on rail tracks just outside the complex itself. The bodies were recovered on January 14 and January 15, 1945. Residents of the Jewish ghetto in Nazi-occupied Warsaw, Poland, staged the armed revolt to prevent deportations to Nazi-run extermination camps. On April 29, 1945, the United States military entered Dachau, where they found thousands of mostly emaciated prisoners. The Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site. 2012. In the days before the camp's liberation, SS guards at the camp had forced 7,000 inmates on a death march that resulted in the death of many from exposure and shooting. Texas Tech University Press. Over the years of its operation, from 1933 to 1945, thousands of Dachau prisoners died of disease, malnutrition and overwork. Eurozapping du 23 septembre : des migrants logés dans l'ancien camp de concentration de Dachau They were on their way to Munich which was just over ten miles from Dachau. Starting in 1941, thousands of Soviet prisoners of war were sent to Dachau then shot to death at a nearby rifle range. Dachau execution coalyard 1945-04-29.jpg 5,192 × 3,894; 1.85 MB Dachau watchtower b 1945-04.jpg 2,150 × 3,387; 3.93 MB Killed SS Cammo Dachau.jpg 607 × 480; 169 KB After fierce fighting, they liberated the town. He noted that some of the wounded soldiers were still moving, but he did not examine any of them. Lt. Col. Joseph Whitaker, the Seventh Army's Assistant Inspector General, was ordered to investigate after witnesses came forward testifying about the killings. An inestimable number, running into the thousands, were never registered, making it impossible to know exactly how many people were imprisoned at Dachau and how many died there. In 1991, an archived copy was found in the National Archives in Washington, D.C. and was made public. New York. Additionally, some Dachau detainees were subjected to brutal medical experiments by the Nazis. Rabbi Eli A. Bohnen, Chaplain Dachau April 29, 1945: the Rainbow liberation memoirs. page 76. Pope John Paul II beatified him in 1987. The size of the massacre, which apparently is the only one perpetrated on such a scale against American troops in Europe during World War II, caused an uproar at the time. New York. The largest single-site massacre by an Einsatzgruppen unit took place outside of the Ukrainian capital of Kiev on September 29-30, 1941. The massacre has been a long overlooked page of WWII history — until now. Report. Zarusky, Jürgen, "'That is not the American Way of Fighting:' The Shooting of Captured SS-Men During the Liberation of Dachau," in: This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 19:43. “It's almost like having a dance at Dachau.” Established in March 1933, the Dachau concentration camp was the first regular concentration camp established by the Nazis in Germany.The camp was located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 10 miles northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, which is located in southern Germany. page 101, The Liberator : One World War II Soldier's 500-Day Odyssey from the Beaches of Sicily to the Gates of Dachau. 1908-ban - az igazi évforduló után három évvel - nagyszabású ünnepséggel emlékeztek meg Dachau 1100 éves jubileumáról, amelyen III. On the evening of November 9, synagogues in Germany and Austria were burned and Jewish homes, schools and businesses were vandalized. Massacre de Malmedy 23-0224a-1-.gif 528 × 588; 291 KB. Corporal Robert W. Flora, H Company, 22d Regiment Dachau April 29, 1945: the Rainbow liberation memoirs. There was at least one incident where US soldiers turned away from two prisoners beating a German guard to death with a shovel, and Lt. Bill Walsh witnessed one such beating. 1998. 1998. From the start, camp detainees were subjected to harsh treatment. In January 1943, Kozal perished from a lethal injection. Buechner did not witness the alleged incident, and his sworn testimony was that he "saw 15 or 16 dead and wounded German soldiers lying along the wall." On January 13, 1945, American forces recaptured the site where the killings occurred. 1998. The German guards murdered at Dachau by the Americansin their mafia-style, St. Valentine's Day Massacre machine-gunning werepreviously wounded and exhausted veterans from the Eastern Front. Dachau (tysk: Konzentrationslager Dachau) var den første nazistiske koncentrationslejr.Den lå i Sydtyskland nær byen Dachau omkring 16 kilometer nordvest for München.Lejren blev indrettet i et nedlagt krudtværk og taget i brug 22. marts 1933, samme år, som Hitler kom til magten i Tyskland. Report. The SS administrators who operated the camp claimed that Nefzger had committed suicide, but an autopsy disclosed that he likely lost his life due to asphyxiation or strangulation. Texas Tech University Press. The Nazis also used Dachau prisoners as subjects in brutal medical experiments. Jürgen Zarusky also concluded that Buechner's claims were incorrect. Select from premium Dachau Trials of the highest quality. He issued a report on June 8, 1945, called the Investigation of Alleged Mistreatment of German Guards at Dachau, also known as The I.G. Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, opened in 1933, shortly after Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) became chancellor of Germany. Buechner published his book "Dachau,TheHouroftheAvenger," itseemed, however, to present adefinite confirmation ofthe systematic massacre by American soldiers ofthe guard detachmentin the Dachau camp. La Masacre de Dachau se produjo en la zona del Campo de concentración de Dachau, cerca de la pequeña ciudad de Dachau, Alemania, el 29 de abril de 1945, durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial.Durante la captura del campamento, los soldados estadounidenses de la 45.ª División de Infantería del Mando Europeo de los Estados Unidos hirieron y mataron a prisioneros de guerra alemanes. A major Dachau April 29, 1945: the Rainbow liberation memoirs. Nearly 11,000 Jews ended up in Dachau. Over 30,000 Jews were arrested and dispatched to Dachau and the Buchenwald and Sachsenhausen concentration camps. [25] Another soldier witnessed an inmate stomping on an SS trooper's face until "there wasn't much left." Cambridge University Press. Lajos herceg részt vett. Albert C. Pruitt then climbed into the box car and performed a coup de grâce on the wounded men. Work had stopped in the camp on Wednesday, and an evacuation was being organized. SS-Untersturmführer Heinrich Wicker (killed after the surrender) was left in charge and had roughly 560 personnel at his disposal; these came from conscripted inmates of the SS disciplinary prison inside the Dachau concentration camp and Hungarian Waffen-SS troops.[9]. Among them were artists, intellectuals and other independent thinkers; communists, Jehovah’s Witnesses and others who were ideologically opposed to the Nazi Party; homosexuals and others who were viewed as sexually deviant; Gypsies; the physically and mentally handicapped; and anyone else considered to be racially or physically impure. Dachau (tysk: Konzentrationslager Dachau) var den første nazistiske koncentrationslejr.Den lå i Sydtyskland nær byen Dachau omkring 16 kilometer nordvest for München.Lejren blev indrettet i et nedlagt krudtværk og taget i brug 22. marts 1933, samme år, som Hitler kom til magten i Tyskland. The total number of German guards killed at Dachau during that day most certainly did not exceed fifty, with thirty probably being a more accurate figure. Dachau (/ ˈ d ɑː x aʊ /) was a Nazi concentration camp opened in March 1933, which was initially intended to hold political prisoners. Eventually, under Hitler’s ...read more, Founded in 1925, the “Schutzstaffel,” German for “Protective Echelon,” initially served as Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler’s (1889-1945) personal bodyguards, and later became one of the most powerful and feared organizations in all of Nazi Germany. vásárhely) címet viselte. They had come here on the night of the 28th to take over from the regular camp personnel for the purpose of surrendering the camp to the advancing Americans. [7] "The stench of death was overpowering," Sparks recalled. According to Linden, he arrived at the command post in Dachau at about 15:00 and proceeded to make his way across the Amper River to the site of the complex approximately one-half kilometre south of the bridge he crossed. Military historian Earl Ziemke describes the event: The Americans came on April 29, a Sunday. Texas Tech University Press. The Malmedy massacre was a war crime committed by members of Kampfgruppe Peiper (part of the SS Division Leibstandarte), a German Waffen-SS unit led by Joachim Peiper, at Baugnez crossroads near Malmedy, Belgium, on December 17, 1944, during the Battle of the Bulge.Eighty-four American prisoners of war were massacred by their German captors. [16] The gunner, who was crying hysterically, said that the prisoners had tried to escape. Whitaker reported that close to the back entrance to the camp Lt. William P. Walsh, comm… 2012. The Undoing's Matilda De … © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/dachau. 100 Raoul Wallenberg Place, SW Washington, DC 20024-2126 Main telephone: 202.488.0400 TTY: 202.488.0406 Dachau je německé velké okresní město a zároveň okresní město, náležící Bavorsku, které leží asi 20 km severně od Mnichova.. Název města je spojen s prvním koncentračním táborem, zřízeným nacisty 20. března 1933.Místo tábora je dnes zpřístupněno jako památník. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. The Dachau concentration camp opened on March 22, 1933. He left those men behind to head towards the center of the camp where there were SS who had not yet surrendered; he had only gone a short distance when he heard a soldier yell, "They're trying to get away!" American soldiers executed dozens of German guards at the Dachau WWII concentration camp after screaming: 'Let's get those Nazi dogs!' Before there were gas chambers, the Nazis used guns to kill Jews and others in large numbers during the Holocaust.Babi Yar, a ravine located just outside of Kiev, was the site where the Nazis murdered approximately 100,000 people. At the dawn of World War II, Hitler came to believe that restricting the daily activities of Jews in Germany and the countries annexed by the Nazis would not resolve what he considered to be his “Jewish problem.” Nor would isolated acts of violence against Jews serve a purpose. Crown. Mark Manes, the young man who sold a … p 14. The US Army then transported them to the former Dachau concentration camp, where US military tribunals were holding war crimes trials. [12] A description of the surrender appears in Brig. Masakr v Dachau bylo usmrcení neznámého počtu dozorců z řad SS, které zabili příslušníci americké 45. pěší divize po osvobození koncentračního tábora Dachau.Podle oficiální zprávy generála Dwighta D. Eisenhowera američtí vojáci osvobodili na 32 000 vězňů, přičemž zneškodnili 30 příslušníků stráže tábora z SS-Totenkopfverbände. "1945: The Year of Liberation". Established in March 1933, the Dachau concentration camp was the first regular concentration camp established by the Nazis in Germany.The camp was located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 10 miles northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, which is located in southern Germany. Massacre de Malmedy 23-0224a-1-.gif 528 × 588; 291 KB. The Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site, which stands on the site of the original camp, opened to the public in 1965. Ce que j'ai fait c'est métamorphosé en Discussion:Massacre de Dachau/Traduction. On May 25, 1933, Sebastian Nefzger (1900-33), a Munich schoolteacher, was beaten to death while imprisoned at Dachau. He ran back and kicked a 19-year-old soldier nicknamed "Birdeye" who was manning the machine gun and who had killed about 12 of the prisoners and wounded several more. Soldiers reported seeing a row of concrete structures that contained rooms full of hundreds of naked and barely clothed dead bodies piled floor to ceiling, a coal-fired crematorium and a gas chamber. Under the pretext that the SA (Sturmabteilung) is planning a coup (the “Röhm Putsch”), Adolf Hitler orders the SS to murder high-level SA officials and other political opponents throughout the Reich; 21 murders are committed in the Dachau concentration camp. Michał Kozal (1893-1943), a Polish priest, arrived at Dachau in 1941, and for two years, he attended to the spiritual needs of his fellow prisoners. Those unable to maintain a steady marching pace were shot by SS guards. [5][6], Upon moving deeper into the complex, and the prisoner area itself, the soldiers found more bodies. 2012. [17], Col. Charles L. Decker, an acting deputy judge advocate, concluded in late 1945 that, while there had probably been a violation of international law, "in the light of the conditions which greeted the eyes of the first combat troops, it is not believed that justice or equity demand that the difficult and perhaps impossible task of fixing individual responsibility now be undertaken". The camp's organization and routine became the model for all Nazi concentration camps. Hitler capitalized on economic woes, popular discontent and political infighting to take absolute power in Germany beginning in 1933. SS administrators alone would run the camps and hand out punishment as they saw fit. Prisoners deemed guilty of rule breaking were to be brutally beaten. Meanwhile, those who survived the Tegernsee death march were freed by American troops on May 2. Therefore, the witnesses to the killings were never cross-examined in court. Lt. Col. Sparks, a battalion commander of the 157th Infantry Regiment, 45th Infantry Division wrote about the incident. Sparks watched as about 50 German prisoners captured by the 157th Infantry Regiment were confined in an area that had been used for storing coal. page 159. page 273, 274. However, it evolved into a network of camps where ...read more, The word “Holocaust,” from the Greek words “holos” (whole) and “kaustos” (burned), was historically used to describe a sacrificial offering burned on an altar. Alex Kershaw. pages 281, 282, Dachau April 29, 1945: the Rainbow liberation memoirs. However, the number of victims was quite low, compared to other German atrocities… During the entire time in which Dachau served as a concentration camp and death camp, over 200,000 prisoners were cataloged as having passed through its gates. Buechner published his book "Dachau,TheHouroftheAvenger," itseemed, however, to present adefinite confirmation ofthe systematic massacre by American soldiers ofthe guard detachmentin the Dachau camp. Seventh Army, American soldiers wounded and killed German camp guards and German prisoners of war. Select from premium Dachau Trial of the highest quality. The area was partially enclosed by an L-shaped masonry wall about 8 ft (2.4 m) high and next to a hospital. Mere end 200.000 fanger fra omkring 30 lande var indsat i Dachau. The role of the SS in this massacre contributes decisively to its rise in power. It is free to enter and thousands of people visit Dachau each year to learn about what happened there and remember those who were imprisoned and died during the Holocaust. [28], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}48°16′19.4″N 11°27′29.9″E / 48.272056°N 11.458306°E / 48.272056; 11.458306, Reprisals against Germans during the liberation of Dachau, The Liberator : One World War II Soldier's 500-Day Odyssey from the Beaches of Sicily to the Gates of Dachau. The Memorial Site on the grounds of the former concentration camp was established in 1965 on the initiative of and in accordance with the plans of the surviving prisoners who had joined together to form the Comité International de Dachau. Robert W. Flora, H Company, 22d Regiment Dachau April 29, 1945: the Rainbow liberation memoirs. Founded in 1919 as the German Workers’ Party, the group promoted German pride ...read more, Japanese internment camps were established during World War II by President Franklin Roosevelt through his Executive Order 9066. Buechner represents the double authority as an eye witness and as a member ofthe liberating forces. In 1985, he was beatified by Pope John Paul II (1920-2005). The number of Jewish prisoners at Dachau rose with the increased persecution of Jews. Auschwitz might be the most infamous camp in the Nazi system of terror, but it was not the first. [19] However, Gen. George S. Patton, the recently appointed military governor of Bavaria, chose to dismiss the charges. In 1942, construction began at Dachau on Barrack X, a crematorium that eventually consisted of four sizeable ovens used to incinerate corpses. Crown. went up. For example, inmates were obligated to be guinea pigs in a series of tests to determine the feasibility of reviving individuals immersed in freezing water. ...Troops of the 42nd and 45th Divisions who liberated Dachau in the afternoon on 29 April were fighting in Munich the next morning and by nightfall had, along with XV Corps' other three divisions, captured the city that was the capital of Bavaria and the birthplace of Nazism. The Malmedy massacre was a war crime committed by members of Kampfgruppe Peiper (part of the SS Division Leibstandarte), a German Waffen-SS unit led by Joachim Peiper, at Baugnez crossroads near Malmedy, Belgium, on December 17, 1944, during the Battle of the Bulge.Eighty-four American prisoners of war were massacred by their German captors. On April 29, Dachau was surrendered to Brigadier General Henning Linden of the 42nd Infantry Division of the U.S. Army by Untersturmführer Wicker. With Fabrice Grenard, François Hollande, Jean Mialet, Paul Mons. Conditions at the camp were brutal and overcrowded. The U.S. soldiers also discovered several dozen train cars loaded with rotting corpses. En total, 74 membres de les Waffen SS foren acusats de l'assassinat de 80 presoners de guerra estatunidencs, en una clara vulneració de la Convenció de Ginebra a la cruïlla de Baugnez el 17 de desembre de 1944 durant la contraofensiva alemanya de la batalla de les Ardenes. [2][3][4] Advancing soldiers from H Company, 22nd Regiment used a loudspeaker to call on the SS to surrender, but they continued to fire in bursts. The Memorial Site on the grounds of the former concentration camp was established in 1965 on the initiative of and in accordance with the plans of the surviving prisoners who had joined together to form the Comité International de Dachau. Holocaust Memorial Museum. But the next day the SS division 'Das Reich' on his way to Normandie recaptured Tulle. In the fall of 1939, at the start of World War II, Dachau’s prisoners were relocated to Buchenwald and the concentration camps at Mauthausen and Flossenbuerg. I replied, "I am Assistant Division Commander of the 42nd Infantry Division and will accept the surrender of the camp in the name of the Rainbow Division for the United States Army...."[13], General Dwight D. Eisenhower issued a communiqué regarding the capture of Dachau concentration camp: "Our forces liberated and mopped up the infamous concentration camp at Dachau. Outside, a single American soldier stood looking casually at the towers while the guards eyed him and others who were two or three hundred yards away. [19], The investigation resulted in the U.S. military considering courts-martial against those involved, including the battalion commander Lt. Col. Felix Sparks, while Lt. Howard Buechner was cited in the report for dereliction of duty for not giving the wounded SS men in the coal yard medical aid. The Massacre at Babi Yar . O Massacre de soldados da SS em Dachau aconteceu no dia 29 de Abril de 1945 quando o exército estadunidense entrou no campo de concentração de Dachau.Nesse mesmo dia teve lugar a execução em massa de 346 soldados desarmados da tropa de elite Waffen-SS às mãos de militares do 3º Batalhão do 157º regimento de infantaria da 45ª Divisão do sétimo exército dos Estados Unidos da América. Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, opened in 1933, shortly after Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) became chancellor of Germany. Seventh Army’s 45th Infantry Division liberates Dachau, the first concentration camp established by Germany’s Nazi regime. The Warsaw uprising ...read more, Anne Frank (1929-1945), a young Jewish girl, her sister, and her parents moved to the Netherlands from Germany after Adolf Hitler and the Nazis came to power there in 1933 and made life increasingly difficult for Jews. Today, visitors can tour some of the camp's historic buildings and access a library and special exhibits containing materials related to Dachau's history. Find the perfect Dachau Trials stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. [22], Abram Sachar reported, "Some of the Nazis were rounded up and summarily executed along with the guard dogs. An American WWII doctor told how he calmly watched US soldiers massacre German SS guards in the Dachau concentration camp because they 'SO HAD IT COMING'. Enacted in reaction ...read more, The systematic persecution of German Jewry began with Adolf Hitler’s rise to power in 1933. According to Buechner's 1986 book, Dachau: The Hour of the Avenger: An Eyewitness Account,[20] U.S. forces killed 520 German soldiers, including 346 killed on the orders of 1st Lt. Jack Bushyhead, in an alleged mass execution in the coalyard several hours after the first hospital shooting. By early 1940, Dachau had been reconverted into a concentration camp. Buechner's sworn testimony was that around 16:00 he arrived in the yard where the German soldiers had been shot, and that he "saw 15 or 16 dead and wounded German soldiers lying along the wall". Buechner represents the double authority as an eye witness and as a member ofthe liberating forces. 1933. november 15-én kapta meg Dachau a város címet - addig a Markt (kb. Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp in Germany, established on March 10, 1933, slightly more than five weeks after Adolf Hitler became chancellor. The SS were marched into a separate enclosure and were shot by members of "I" Company with several different types of weapons. One was Titus Brandsma (1881-1942), a Carmelite cleric, philosopher, writer, teacher and historian as well as an avowed anti-Nazi. Approximately 32,000 prisoners were liberated; 300 SS camp guards were quickly neutralized."[14]. 4 MALMEDY MASSACRE INVESTIGATION In April 1946 the pretrial investigations having been completed the prisoners were removed to Dachau.ll There their trial began on May 16 and continued until July 16. In April 1945, just prior to the liberation of Dachau by the Allied forces, the SS ordered approximately 7,000 prisoners to embark on a six-day-long death march to Tegernsee, located to the south. The Munich public prosecutor summarily indicted Wäckerle and his underlings on a murder charge. At noon on Sunday the camp was quiet, and the SS guards were at their posts in the towers when the cry "Americans!" Following the prisoners' liberation by American soldiers from 45th Infantry Division of the U.S. Located in southern Germany, Dachau was initially a camp for political prisoners; however, it eventually evolved into a death camp where countless thousands of Jews died from malnutrition, disease and overwork or were executed. Other marchers died from starvation or physical exhaustion.On April 29, 1945, the United States military entered Dachau, where they found thousands of mostly emaciated prisoners. 2012. De toute façons, comme cela, je vais pouvoir travailler à mon aise sur la page projet. Eicke’s regulations served as a blueprint for the operation of all concentration camps in Nazi Germany. The memorial at Baugnez bears the names of the murdered soldiers. The killer countess: The dark past of Baron Heinrich Thyssen's daughter She was born into one of Europe's most powerful dynasties. The Bavarian state government provided financial support. We sorted through the … Some prisoners died during the process. Hilmar Wäckerle (1899-1941), an official in the “Schutzstaffel” (a Nazi paramilitary organization commonly known as the SS), served as the first commandant of Dachau. The facility had been designed to house some 6,000 detainees, but the population continued to rise and by 1944 approximately 30,000 prisoners were packed into the camp. During the Dachau liberation reprisals, German prisoners of war were killed by U.S. soldiers and concentration camp internees at the Dachau concentration camp on April 29, 1945, during World War II. The massacre was committed on December 17, 1944, by members of Kampfgruppe Peiper (part of the 1st SS Panzer Division), a German combat unit, during the Battle of the Bulge. Pas trop grave. "[17] Elsewhere in the camp SS men, Kapos and informers were beaten badly with fists, sticks and shovels. Mere end 200.000 fanger fra omkring 30 lande var indsat i Dachau. Gen. Henning Linden's memorandum to Maj. Gen. Harry J. Collins, entitled Report on Surrender of Dachau Concentration Camp: As we approached the southwest corner, three people came forward with a flag of truce. All Rights Reserved. Some had been dead for hours and days before the camp's capture and lay where they had died. Alex Kershaw. Nothing could be further from the truth. El judici va ser molt polèmic: el tribunal, després de tres hores de deliberacions, admeté la força probatòria de les … [27], Lt. Col. Joseph Whitaker, the Seventh Army's Assistant Inspector General, was ordered to investigate after witnesses came forward testifying about the killings. Heinrich Himmler (1900-45), a ...read more, Adolf Hitler, the leader of Germany’s Nazi Party, was one of the most powerful and notorious dictators of the 20th century. The prosecutor was immediately overruled by Hitler, who issued an edict stating that Dachau and all other concentration camps were not subject to German law as it applied to German citizens. The German POWs were watched over by a machine gun team from Company I. Cpl. Since 1945, the word has taken on a new and horrible meaning: the ideological and systematic state-sponsored ...read more, The National Socialist German Workers’ Party, or Nazi Party, grew into a mass movement and ruled Germany through totalitarian means from 1933 to 1945 under the leadership of Adolf Hitler (1889-1945). It was the first SS-run camp for "political prisoners" under Hitler's regime and became a model for the many SS prison camps that followed. Lt. Col. Joseph Whitaker, the Seventh Army's Assistant Inspector General, was subsequently ordered to investigate after witnesses came forward testifying about the killings. On or about 15 December 1944 in a talk to his company ordered that no prisoners were to be taken. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! In 1945, overseen by by Alfred Hitchcock, a crack team of British film-makers went to Germany to document the full horror of the concentration camps. Crown. ... Elser was arrested on the same day and taken to Dachau concentration camp, where he died in 1945. They allegedly murdered the SS officers and guards who were responsible for the Holocaust horrors that took place at Dachau. Mais en ce qui me concerne, un bandeau me paraît en effet des plus utiles, car … Prisoners would not be allowed to defend themselves or protest this treatment. He asked if I were an officer. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème Histoire, Extermination des juifs, Guerres mondiales. An American WWII doctor told how he calmly watched US soldiers massacre German SS guards in the Dachau concentration camp because they 'SO HAD IT COMING'. [19], Whitaker reported that close to the back entrance to the camp Lt. William P. Walsh, commander of Company "I", 157th Infantry, shot four German soldiers in a box car who had surrendered to him. 1998. He issued a report on 8 June 1945, called the "Investigation of Alleged Mistreatment of German Guards at Dachau" and also known as "the I.G. [10] He proceeded to take control of the camp in some tumult; thereafter, he toured the camp with a group of reporters[11] (including Marguerite Higgins). [1] When Allied soldiers liberated Dachau, they were variously shocked, horrified, disturbed, and angered at finding the massed corpses of internees, and by the combativeness of some of the remaining guards who allegedly fired on them. La Masacre de Dachau se produjo en la zona del Campo de concentración de Dachau, cerca de la pequeña ciudad de Dachau, Alemania, el 29 de abril de 1945, durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial.Durante la captura del campamento, los soldados estadounidenses de la 45.ª División de Infantería del Mando Europeo de los Estados Unidos hirieron y mataron a prisioneros de guerra alemanes.