Only 1,542 prisoners remained alive at the camp when the German authorities in Drancy fled as Allied forces advanced and the Swedish Consul-General Raoul Nordling took control of the camp on 17 August 1944, before handing it over to the French Red Cross to care for the survivors. [4] Dutch painter Max van Dam, captured in France en route to Switzerland, was briefly incarcerated in Drancy where he was able to paint and create print work. [10], As the Allies were approaching Paris in August 1944, the German officers fled, and the camp was liberated on 17 August when control of the camp was given over to the French Resistance and Swedish diplomat Raoul Nordling.[2]. It was located in Drancy, a northeastern suburb of Paris, France. The two of them were dragged from their house and transported by rail from Nice to Drancy. Fewer than 2,000 of the almost 65,000 Jews deported from the Drancy camp survived the Holocaust. The Drancy internment camp was an assembly and detention camp for confining Jews who were later deported to the extermination camps during the German military administration of Occupied France during World War II. Only 2,000 remained alive when Allied forces liberated the camp on 17 August 1944. Others were foreign-born Jews who had immigrated to France in the 1920s and 1930s, primarily from Poland, Germany, and, after 1938, Austria. Fichiers des internés des camps de Pithiviers et de Beaune-la-Rolande (F/9/5750 à 5777). De 1941 à 1944, Drancy fournit les 3/4 des convois de juifs à destination des camps de concentration. found: Drancy : un camp de concentration très ordinaire, 1941-1944, c1996. Les travaux récemment menés sur la cité de la Muette à Drancy, ensemble HLM devenu camp de concentration et de transit des Juifs de France, constituent de ce point de vue un exemple intéressant du dialogue qui peut se nouer entre archéologues et historiens. The capacity of the camp was 5,000 prisoners. Le camp de Drancy. A new Shoah memorial museum was opened in 2012 just opposite the sculpture memorial and railway wagon by the President of France, François Hollande. Washington, DC 20024-2126 Les deux iniateurs du projet sont le colonel Robert Blum (Drancy) et Georges Kohn. Description : Collaborateurs réunis au camp de concentration de Drancy. After the 1940 defeat by Germany and 10 July 1940 vote of full powers to Marshal Philippe Pétain, the Republic was abolished and Vichy France was proclaimed. View the list of all donors. Instance of. Charlotte was staying at a small hotel nearby to try and pass on a message to Levade. Drancy fell under the command of the Gestapo Office of Jewish Affairs in France and German SS Captain Theodor Dannecker. Approximately 61,000 of these Jews were sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau. The Vichy government cooperated with Nazi Germany, hunting down foreign and French Jews and turning them over to the Gestapo for transport to the Third Reich's extermination camps. Drancy was an assembly and detention camp for confining Jews who were later deported to the extermination camps during the German military administration of Occupied France during World War II. [4] Following the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup on 16 and 17 July 1942, more than 4,900 of the 13,152 victims of the mass arrest were sent directly to the camp at Drancy before their deportation to Auschwitz. Marie Laurencin, Betty Bouwens, après avoir été tondue, et d'autres prisonniers célèbres du monde des arts et des lettres et de la politique y furent incarcérés. Drancy: Un camp de concentration très ordinaire, 1941-1944 (French Edition) [Rajsfus, Maurice] on Amazon.com. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}48°55′12″N 2°27′18″E / 48.92000°N 2.45500°E / 48.92000; 2.45500, Internment camp for Jews in occupied France during World War II, The accommodation block at Drancy with French gendarme on guard, German military administration of Occupied France during World War II, Timeline of deportations of French Jews to death camps, "This Month in Holocaust History – December – Drancy", "The Drancy Camp | Sciences Po Mass Violence and Resistance - Research Network", https://patrimoine.seinesaintdenis.fr/Ensemble-de-logements-HBM-Cite-de-la-Muette, En 1995, la reconnaissance des « fautes commises par l'Etat », Des croix gammées tracées au Mémorial de la déportation à Drancy, le Conservatoire Historique du Camp de Drancy, Center of Contemporary Jewish Documentation, Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Déportation, Sons and Daughters of Jewish Deportees from France, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Drancy_internment_camp&oldid=995102666, Buildings and structures in Seine-Saint-Denis, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 67,400 deported; 1,542 remaining at liberation. Context. Drancy: Un camp de concentration très ordinaire, 1941-1944 (French Edition) https://exploreparis.com/fr/120-le-memorial-de-la-shoah-a-drancy.html Upload media. [12], On 20 January 2005, arsonists set fire to some railroad freight cars in the former camp; a tract signed "Bin Laden" with an inverted swastika was found. 1941 à l’été 1944. Mémorial de la Shoah de Drancy. À la Libération, la cité de la Muette sert de camp d’internement aux personnes suspectes de collaboration. In December 1941, 40 prisoners from Drancy were executed in retaliation for a French attack on German police officers. Following the German occupation in 1940, Drancy was initially used as a camp for French and British prisoners of war. While the criminal behaviour of Vichy France and the collaboration of French officials were acknowledged, and some former Vichy officials prosecuted, this point of view denied any responsibility … Drancy (France) L 'histoire des camps de concentration en France est un des chapitres les plus difficile et délicat à examiner. work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. The Germans also deported 3,753 Jews from Drancy to the Sobibor killing center. Le camp apparaît dans la presse française fin 1939, lorsqu'il est installé au cœur de la cité de la Muette, un quartier d'habitation de Drancy. The Drancy camp, named after the northeastern suburb of Paris in which it was located, was established by the Germans in August 1941 as an internment camp for foreign Jews in France. Cahiers d’entrées et de mutations du camp de Drancy, septembre 1942-août 1944 (F/9/5778 à 5788). Drancy concentration camp. internment camp for Jews in occupied France during World War II. [5], The Drancy camp was designed to hold 700 people, but at its peak held more than 7,000. [11] Berr was a young French Jewish graduate who kept a diary between April 1942 and February 1944. [citation needed], On 11 April 2009, a swastika was painted on a train car used for the deportation of Jews, a permanent exhibit. Except for a small number of prisoners (mostly members of the French resistance), the overwhelming majority were Jews. Le Mémorial à Drancy est un lieu d’histoire et d’éducation, situé en face de la Cité de la Muette. During the summer of 1942, the Germans began systematic deportations of Jews from Drancy to killing centers in occupied Poland. Holocaust, Jewish. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Le 22 juin 1942, un premier grand convoi part de Drancy. She worked in Paris to save Jewish children by escorting them to the Free Zone. By now, Charlotte Salomon was five months pregnant. Between 22 June 1942 and 31 July 1944, during its use as an internment camp, 67,400 French, Polish, and German Jews were deported from the camp in 64 rail transports,[1] which included 6,000 children. Until recently, the official point of view of the French government was that the Vichy regime was an illegal government distinct from the French Republic. None of them survived. Beginning in the summer of 1941, when the roundup of Paris Jews began, Drancy was used to imprison Jewish detainees. 20 août 1941 : arrivée des premiers internés juifs 12 décembre 1941 : 50 otages sont choisis par les internés juifs de Drancy Juillet 1943 : prise en charge de la direction du camp par Aloïs Brunner 31 juillet 1944 : départ du dernier convoi à destination d’Auschwitz. Location. French authorities interned these Jews in Drancy, marking its official opening. Tél : + 33 (0)1 42 77 44 72 Fax : + 33 (0)1 53 01 17 44 > contact@memorialdelashoah.org Le Mémorial de … It provides details of the persecution of the Jews in France and many personal mementos of inmates before their deportation to Auschwitz and their death. In the first transport, which departed on June 22, 1942, 1,000 Jews were sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau. The French police carried out additional roundups of Jews throughout the war. 17 août 1944 : SS officer Alois Brunner became camp commandant as part of the major stepping up at all facilities needed for mass extermination. Until recently, the official point of view of the French government was that the Vichy regime was an illegal government distinct from the French Republic. Le camp est utilisé durant l'Epuration comme lieu d'internement, dirigé par les FTP. Drancy was under the control of the French police until 1943 when administration was taken … Histoire En septembre 1943, un groupe de détenus du camp de Drancy commence à creuser un tunnel sous le camp de Drancy, Une quarantaine de prisonniers juifs participent à cette entreprise. Cette cité devient en 1941 un camp d’internement, puis en 1942 le camp de regroupement des Juifs de France en vue de leur déportation vers les camps d’extermination. In 1977, the Memorial to the Deportation at Drancy was created by sculptor Shlomo Selingerto commemorate the French Jews imprisoned in the camp. The most infamous internment camps before World War II were used to intern the Spanish Republican refugees and military personnel during the Spanish Civil War. There is documented evidence and testimony recounting the brutality of the French guards in Drancy and the brutal conditions imposed on the people including the small children who, upon their arrival, were immediately separated from their parents. De décembre 1941 jusqu’en mars 1942, des otages sont extraits du camp pour être fusillés au Mont-Valérien . The Cité de la Muette (the La Muette complex, a housing development) was situated in the district of Drancy, 12 kilometers northeast of , and served as an internment camp for 67,000 of the 75,000 mostly foreign Jews deported from France during the Second World War, before they were sent to death camps in Poland.The land for this development had been acquired in 1925 by … The camp was used after the war for the internment of collaborationists, then went back in 1946 to its original destination as low-income housing. In 2001, Brunner's case was brought before a French court by Nazi hunter Serge Klarsfeld, which sentenced Brunner in absentia to a life sentence for crimes against humanity.[3]. On 20 August 1941, French police conducted raids throughout the 11th arrondissement of Paris and arrested more than 4,000 Jews, mainly foreign or stateless Jews. Camp de Drancy, fichiers des internés adultes et enfants, fichier des fusillés (F/9/5675 à 5749). Barbed wire surrounded the building and its courtyard. In 1977, the Memorial to the Deportation at Drancy was created by sculptor Shlomo Selinger to commemorate the French Jews imprisoned in the camp. It later became the major transit camp for the deportations of Jews from France. L’archéologie des camps de la Seconde Guerre mondiale est encore peu développée en France. She was transported to Auschwitz on 7 October 1943 and was probably gassed on the same day that she arrived there (10 October). The Drancy internment camp became identified by the northeastern suburb of Paris in which it was located. Some Drancy inmates died as hostage pawns. The perpetrators used these locations for a range of purposes, including forced labor, detention of people deemed to be "enemies of the state," and mass murder. A few thousand prisoners managed to obtain release during the first year of the camp's existence. - celle de Georges Wellers, ancien interné de Drancy, auteur en 1946 du livre De Drancy à Auschwitz: il évoque une « quarantaine de suicides à l’été 1942 », ou encore des « épidémies de suicides » - celle de Maurice Rajsfus, auteur d’Un camp de concentration très ordinaire 1941-1944, [6] Jewish Austrian footballer Max Scheuer was sent to Drancy, and then on to Auschwitz concentration camp, where he was killed in the early 1940s.[7][8]. Camps de concentration. For example, upon their arrival, small children were immediately separated from their parents for deportation to the death camps. After the 1940 defeat by Germany and 10 July 1940 vote of full powers to Marshal Philippe Pétain, the Republic was abolished and Vichy France was proclaimed. Five subcamps of Drancy were located throughout Paris (three of which were the Austerlitz, Lévitan and Bassano camps). Drancy, canton of Le Bourget, arrondissement of Bobigny, Seine-Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France. found: Das nationalsozialistische Lagersystem, 1990: p. 64 (Drancy; near Paris; transit camp for Israelites) Drancy (Concentration camp) Drancy concentration camp Label from public data source Wikidata; Sources. The Vichy government cooperated with Nazi Germany, hunting down foreign and French Jews and turning them over to the Gestapo for transport to the Third Reich's extermination camps. [9] A TV documentary was made about the attempt. From there, all the children and staff were deported to Auschwitz. The Drancy camp, named after the northeastern suburb of Paris in which it was located, was established by the Germans in August 1941 as an internment camp for foreign Jews in France. Barbie arrested everyone present, all 44 children and 7 adult staff members. In 2 weeks in January and February 1939 around 500,000 men, women and children crossed the border. French police enclosed the barracks and courtyard with barbed-wire fencing and provided guards for the camp. The inmates from Borgo, Jewish refugees from a number of European countries, had been arrested after the Italian surrender in September 1943, having mostly come to Italy from France in search for safety from Nazi prosecution. Internierungslager Drancy; Drancy (Seine-Saint-Denis) (camp de concentration) -- Ouvrages illustrés. While the criminal behaviour of Vichy France and the collaboration of French officials were acknowledged, and some former Vichy officials prosecuted, this point of view denied any responsibility of the French Republic. Neuf Juifs dépor… We would like to thank The Crown and Goodman Family and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing Le camp dinternement de Drancy est un camp, situé au nord-est de Paris (alors dans le département de la Seine, aujourd'hui dans celui de la Seine-Saint-Denis), où furent rassemblés les juifs vivant en France avant leur déportation depuis la gare du Bourget (1942-1943) et de la gare de Bobigny (1943-1944), puis après 1944, les Français accusés de collaboration dont Sacha Guitry et Mary Marquet.